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Table 3 Prevalence of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) by funding type, according to the sociodemographic characteristics, PNS 2013e

From: Prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in Brazil

Sociodemographic VariablesPrevalence of CAM use a (95%CI) b by Funding Type
SUSPrivate Health InsurancePrivateNot funded
Brazilian regions
 Southeast5.8 (3.7–8.8)20.2 (15.9–25.2)44.7 (39.3–50.2)29.4 (24.8–34.5)
 South5.3 (3.1–9.0)13.0 (9.5–17.6)36.2 (30.7–42.1)45.5 (39.2–51.9)
 Midwest5.5 (3.5–8.6)13.5 (9.4–19.0)36.4 (30.3–42.9)44.6 (37.7–51.8)
 Northeast6.5 (4.3–9.8)5.2 (3.8–7.2)21.8 (17.7–26.4)66.5 (62.0–70.7)
 North7.6 (4.5–12.7)2.1 (1.1–4.2)23.3 (18.0–29.5)67.0 (60.1–73.2)
Sex
 Male5.4 (3.6–7.9)10.9 (8.0–14.6)27.5 (23.3–32.0)53.3 (51.0–61.4)
 Female6.5 (5.0–8.4)13.6 (11.4–16.2)38.7 (35.4–42.2)41.2 (38.2–44.3)
Age (years)
 18 to 39 years4.4 (3.2–6.2)12.4 (9.4–16.0)32.1 (27.8–36.6)51.1 (46.6–55.7)
 40 to 59 years7.2 (5.1–10.3)12.5 (10.0–15.6)34.8 (30.2–39.7)45.5 (40.9–50.1)
 60 years or older6.6 (4.1–10.3)12.9 (9.3–17.5)37.3 (31.8–43.2)43.3 (37.4–49.3)
Educational levelc
 Up to Incomplete Elementary School7.8 (5.7–10.6)4.1 (2.9–5.8)20.6 (16.6–25.2)67.5 (62.8–71.9)
 Up to Complete High School7.1 (5.0–10.0)12.2 (9.0–16.4)37.8 (33.1–42.7)42.9 (38.5–47.5)
 From Incomplete College/University2.3 (1.2–4.5)25.9 (21.0–31.6)52.1 (45.9–58.4)19.6 (15.2–24.9)
Ethnicity
 White4.6 (3.0–6.9)18.4 (15.2–22.0)43.2 (39.2–47.3)33.8 (30.0–37.9)
 Non-white7.5 (5.8–9.8)6.7 (5.2–8.6)25.4 (21.8–29.4)60.4 (56.2–64.4)
Socioeconomic statusd
 A + B2.7 (1.7–4.3)25.2 (21.0–29.9)50.3 (45.2–55.3)21.8 (18.3–25.8)
 C9.5 (6.8–13.2)7.5 (5.3–10.6)33.1 (28.6–37.9)49.9 (45.2–54.6)
 D + E7.1 (4.8–10.3)0.6 (0.2–1.4)14.1 (10.8–18.2)78.3 (73.6–82.3)
Total6.1 (4.8–7.6)12.5 (10.7–14.7)34.3 (31.5–37.2)47.1 (44.2–50.0)
  1. a Prevalence considering the complex sample design
  2. b 95% confidence interval considering the complex sample design
  3. c The variable education categories “illiterate and incomplete elementary school” were aggregated
  4. d The Brazil Criterion variable
  5. e Sample of individuals aged 18 years and older who answered the 2013 National Health Survey individual questionnaire