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Table 2 Prevalence of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use, according to sociodemographic characteristics, PNS 2013e

From: Prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in Brazil

Sociodemographic VariablesPrevalence of CAM usea (95%CI)b
AcupunctureHomeopathyMedicinal Plants and Herbal MedicinesOthers
Brazilian regions
 Southeast1.5 (1.3–1.9)0.6 (0.5–0.9)1.3 (0.9–1.9)0.3 (0.2–0.4)
 South1.0 (0.7–1.4)1.0 (0.7–1.6)3.6 (2.8–4.7)0.4 (0.2–0.8)
 Midwest0.7 (0.5–0.9)0.7 (0.5–1.0)2.5 (2.0–3.2)0.2 (0.1–0.4)
 Northeast0.3 (0.2–0.4)0.2 (0.1–0.3)3.5 (2.9–4.2)0.1 (0.1–0.2)
 North0.1 (0.1–0.3)0.6 (0.4–0.8)6.2 (4.9–7.7)0.1 (0.1–0.3)
Gender
 Male0.6 (0.5–0.9)0.5 (0.3–0.6)2.4 (2.1–2.8)0.2 (0.1–0.3)
 Female1.3 (1.1–1.5)0.7 (0.6–0.8)2.9 (2.6–3.4)0.3 (0.2–0.4)
Age (years)
 18 to 39 years0.5 (0.4–0.7)0.5 (0.4–0.7)2.1 (1.8–2.5)0.2 (0.1–0.3)
 40 to 59 years1.3 (1.0–1.7)0.7 (0.5–0.9)3.1 (2.6–3.6)0.4 (0.2–0.5)
 60 years or older1.4 (1.1–1.7)0.5 (0.3–0.6)3.4 (2.9–4.0)0.2 (0.1–0.3)
Educational levelc
 Up to Incomplete Elementary School0.3 (0.2–0.5)0.3 (0.2–0.4)3.5 (2.9–4.1)0.1 (0.1–0.2)
 Up to Complete High School0.8 (0.6–0.1)0.4 (0.3–0.6)1.9 (1.6–2.2)0.2 (0.2–0.4)
 From Incomplete College/University3.2 (2.6–3.9)1.8 (1.4–2.3)2.4 (1.9–2.9)0.7 (0.4–1.1)
Ethnicity
 White1.5 (1.2–1.7)0.8 (0.7–1.0)2.1 (1.8–2.4)0.4 (0.3–0.5)
 Non-white0.5 (0.4–0.7)0.4 (0.3–0.5)3.2 (2.8–3.8)0.2 (0.1–0.2)
Socioeconomic statusd
 Higher (A + B)2.2 (1.8–2.6)1.3 (1.0–1.6)1.6 (1.3–1.9)0.5 (0.3–0.7)
 Intermediate (C)0.5 (0.4–0.7)0.3 (0.2–0.4)2.1 (1.9–2.4)0.2 (0.2–0.3)
 Lower (D + E)0.1 (0.0–0.3)0.2 (0.1–0.2)5.1 (4.1–6.2)0.1 (0.0–0.1)
Total prevalence1.0 (0.8–1.1)0.6 (0.5–0.7)2.7 (2.4–3.0)0.3 (0.2–0.3)
  1. a Prevalence considering the complex sample design
  2. b 95% confidence interval considering the complex sample design
  3. c The variable education categories “illiterate and incomplete elementary school” were aggregated
  4. d The Brazil Criterion variable
  5. e Sample of individuals aged 18 years and older who answered the 2013 National Health Survey individual questionnaire