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Table 3 GC/mass for most promising C. vulgaris fractions cultivated under Cu (0.316 mg/L) as relative percentage

From: Evaluation of antioxidant and anticancer activity of crude extract and different fractions of Chlorella vulgaris axenic culture grown under various concentrations of copper ions

No. Compound Name M.wt (Fractions number) Biological activity References
1 5 6 7
1 4 h-1-benzopyran-4-one,
2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3,5-
dihydroxy-7-methoxy-
344     5.87 Antioxidant, antimicrobial, cancer enzyme inhibitors in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries [45]
2 3,7,11,15-Tetramethyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol 296 2.95 1.33   2.52 anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial,antioxidant activities [46]
3 1-Nonadecene 266 1.10 3.14 6.02   Antimicrobial, antioxidant activity [47, 48]
4 hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester 270 21.28 11.77 3.87 5.30 Antioxidant, antimicrobial,, hemolytic, hemolytic, 5-alpha reductase inhibitor cancer enzyme inhibitors in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries [45, 49]
5 9-octadecenoic acid (z)-, methyl ester 296 23.02 57.86 6.39 9.05 Antioxidant, antimicrobial, cancer enzyme inhibitors in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries [45, 49, 50]
6 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid 390 3.16   27.4 46.89 Antioxidant,antifouling, antimicrobial, cancer enzyme inhibitors in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries [45, 49]
7 pentacosane 352 9.97 3.48    Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity [51]
8 dotriacontane 450 2.11 2.83   1.38 Antimicrobial, antifungal anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic activity [47]
9 phthalic acid, butyl tetradecyl ester 418   7.41   3.91 Antimicrobial activity [46]
10 4 h-1-benzopyran-4-one,2-(3,4dihydroxyphenyl)-6,8-di-á-d-glucopyranosyl-5,7-dihydroxy- 610    1.17 3.33 Antioxidant, antimicrobial, cancer enzyme inhibitors in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries [45]
11 7,9-di-tert-butyl-1-oxaspiro
[4.5]deca-6,9-diene-2,8-dione
276   1.60 1.36   Antimicrobial activity [52]
12 1-hexadecanol, 2-methyl- 256   1.71    anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial,antioxidant activities [49]
13 6,9,12,15-docosatetraenoic acid,methyl ester 346    1.79 4.18 phytopharmaceutical importance [53]
14 Neophytadiene 278 5.43 4.27 4.06   Antioxidant, antibacterial activity [54]
15 Methyl
4,7,10,13-hexadecatetraenoate
262 3.61     Antioxidant, antibacterial activity [54]
16 Phytol 296 12.08     Antioxidant, antibacterial activity [54]
17 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid,methyl ester, (z,z,z)- 292 14.49     Antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer [45]
18 heptanoic acid, docosyl ester 438 0.93     Antioxidant and antifungal activity [55]
19 3,3,3-Trifluoro-1-piperidin-1-yl-2-trif
luoromethyl-propan-1-one
263   1.49     
20 1,4-benzenediol,
2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-5-(2-propenyl)-
206   3.10    Anticancer, Antioxidant activity and pesticidies [56]
21 1,3-Dioxolane, 2-heptyl-4-phenyl- 248    4.32   Anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic and ant aging [57]
22 Cycloheptasiloxane,tetradecamethyl- 518    1.34   antibacterial, antifungal, antifouling, immunomodulatory and antitumor activities [58]
23 Corymbolone 208    2.04   Antioxidant, antimicrobial activity [59]
24 spiro[4.5]decan-7-one,
1,8-dimethyl-8,9-epoxy-4-isopropyl-
236    1.88   Anticancer activity [60]
25 8-(2-Acetyloxiran-2-yl)-6,6-dimethyl
octa-3,4-dien-2-one
236    3.28    
26 03027205002 flavone
4′-oh,5-oh,7-di-o-glucoside
428    1.21   Antioxidant activity [61]
27 1,1'-bicyclopropyl]-2-octanoic acid,
2'-hexyl-, methyl ester
236    1.88   Anticancer activity [53]
28 2-acetyl-3-(2-cinnamido)eth
yl-7-methoxyindole
362    2.03 1.31 Antioxidant and antibacterial activity [62]
29 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid,
bis(8-methylnonyl) ester
446    3.35   Antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer [45]
30 13-docosenamide, (z)- 337    24.85   Antioxidant, antitumor activity [63]
31 2,2-dideutero octadecanal 270     2.01 Antimicrobial activity [47]
32 hexadecanoic acid,
3[(trimethylsilyl)oxy] propyl ester
386     3.65   
33 Hexanoic acid, 2-ethyl-,oxybis(2,1-ethanediyloxy-2,1-ethane diyl) ester 446     2.11   
34 9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1,3-diol 488     1.05 Antiviral activity [46]
35 S-(1,3-diphenylbutyl)
dimethylthiocarbamate
311     2.06 Antioxidant and anticancer activity [64]
36 Astaxanthin 596     2.18 Antioxidant activity [65]
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