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Table 8 Compounds determined in the oil of Boswellia sacra resin extracted by hydro-distillation

From: Evaluation of immunomodulatory effects of Boswellia sacra essential oil on T-cells and dendritic cells

TIME Relative % Compound name Structure Biological activity
9.14 4.91 α-Copaene Anti-inflammatory activities [25]
13.13 5.33 (−)-β-Elemene Anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic activities [26]
14.21 20.58 β-Caryophyllene Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects [27, 28]
16.56 2.04 4-Terpinenol Antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antineoplastic activity [29]
16.68 4.55 Humulene (α-Caryophyllene) Topical and systemic anti-inflammatory properties [30, 31]
16.96 9.51 (+)-δ-Cadinene Anti malarial anti-microbial properties [32]
17.03 2.4 α-Selinene Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activity [33]
17.17 2.11 γ-Cadinene Antioxidant properties [34]
17.59 6.39 β-Cubebene Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities [35]
18.49 2.69 cis-Verbenol Anti-ischemic and anti-inflammatory activity {Choi, 2010 #74}
26.79 3.3 γ-Muurolene Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities [36]
30.44 5.2 L-Elemol Anti-inflammatory activities [37]
31.91 3 tau-Cadinol Antimicrobial activity {Ho, 2011 #68}