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Table 2 Types of HM modalities used during pregnancy

From: Disclosure of herbal medicine use to health care providers among pregnant women in Nepal: a cross-sectional study

HM modalities n = 241 (%)* Reported indications n (%)*
Ginger 111 (46.1) Cold/flu 86 (77.5)
Cough 84 (75.7)
Nausea/vomiting 44 (39.6)
Heartburn 23 (20.7)
Tumeric 104 (43.2) Cold/flu 98 (94.2)
Cough 66 (63.5)
Skin condition 8 (7.7)
Inflammation 3 (2.9)
Lemon tea 71 (29.5) Nausea/vomiting 66 (93)
Heartburn 26 (36.6)
Cough 19 (26.8)
Headache 3 (4.2)
Tulsi 59 (24.5) Cough 53 (89.8)
Heartburn 33 (55.9)
Improve immunity 2 (3.4)
Hypertension 1 (1.7)
Olive oil 29 (12.0) Massage 26 (89.6)
Skin condition 13 (44.8)
Neem 25 (10.4) Skin condition 15 (60.0)
Hypertension 7 (28.0)
Fever 3 (12.0)
Stomach upset 1 (4.0)
Garlic 21 (8.7) Abdominal pain 19 (90.5)
Cold/flu 7 (33.3)
Fatigue 1 (4.8)
Hypertension 1 (4.8)
Aloe vera 18 (7.5) Skin/hair 16 (88.9)
Constipation 6 (33.3)
Stomach upset 4 (22.2)
Hypertension 1 (5.6)
Peppermint 12 (5.0) Cold/flu 7 (58.3)
Abdominal pain 6 (50.0)
Heartburn 3 (25.0)
Nausea/vomiting 1 (8.3)
Mustard oil 10 (4.1) Relaxant 9 (90.0)
Fatigue 1 (10.0)
Cold/flu 1 (10.0)
Rice water 4 (1.7) Burning micturition 4 (100.0)
Bitter gourd juice 4 (1.7) Hypertension 4 (100.0)
Cumin seed/powder 2 (0.8) Stomach upset 1 (50.0)
Fever with headache 1 (50.0)
Green tea 1 (0.4) Hypertension and headache 1 (100.0)
  1. *Columns do not add up to 100% due to the selection of multiple answers