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Table 1 Characteristics of the households included in the study (N = 38,859)

From: Exploring socioeconomic inequalities in the use of medicinal herbs among Iranian households: evidence from a national cross-sectional survey

Variables n (%)
(N = 38,859)
Used Herbal Medicine n (%)
(N = 1829)
Did not use Herbal Medicine n (%)
(N = 37,030)
Demographic variables
Sex of household head
  Male 33,752 (86.9) 1619 (4.8) 32,133 (95.2)
  Female 5107 (13.1) 210 (4.1) 4897 (95.9)
Age of household head
  15–45 16,981 (43.7) 802 (4.7) 16,179 (95.3)
  46–65 14,731 (37.9) 715 (4.8) 14,016 (95.2)
  66 and above 7147 (18.4) 312 (4.4) 6835 (95.6)
Socioeconomic variables
Education status of household head
  Illiterate 9335 (24.0) 353 (3.8) 8982 (96.2)
  Primary school 10,808 (27.8) 459 (4.3) 1349 (95.7)
  Secondary school 6965 (17.9) 325 (4.7) 6640 (95.3)
  High school 7705 (19.8) 420 (5.4) 7285 (94.6)
  Academic degree 4046 (10.4) 272 (6.7) 3774 (93.3)
Wealth index of households
  Poorest 7730 (19.9) 211 (2.7) 7519 (97.3)
  Poor 7775 (20.0) 318 (4.1) 7457 (95.9)
  Middle 7779 (20.0) 371 (4.8) 7408 (95.2)
  Rich 7785 (20.0) 450 (5.8) 7335 (94.2)
  Richest 7790 (20.1) 479 (6.2) 7311 (93.8)
Ecological variables
Geographical area
  Urban 20,313 (52.3) 1077 (5.3) 19,236 (94.7)
  Rural 18,546 (47.7) 752 (4.1) 17,794 (95.9)
Province category based on HDI
  Low 14,050 (36.2) 407 (2.9) 13,643 (97.1)
  Middle 12,716 (32.7) 613 (4.8) 12,103 (95.2)
  High 12,093 (31.1) 809 (6.7) 11,284 (93.3)
  1. HDI is the human development index