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Table 4 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the associations of knowledge and perception of CAM and CAM use for the treatment of hypertension (HTN)a

From: Factors associated with the use of complementary and alternative therapies among patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Western Jamaica: a cross-sectional study

  Crude
OR (95% CI)
Adjustedb
OR (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 0.56 (0.30–1.04) 0.51 (0.16–1.57)
 Female Ref Ref
Children
 Yes 0.18 (0.02–1.36) QCSc
 No Ref Ref
Prescribed medicine
 Yes 0.29 (0.07–1.26) QCSc
 No Ref Ref
Medicine controlling disease
 Yes 0.44 (0.19–1.02) 0.61 (0.19–1.95)
 No Ref Ref
Discontinues medicine when BP normal
 Yes 1.76 (0.89–3.45) 1.13 (0.40–3.15)
 No Ref Ref
Received information about CAM from …
 HCP/clinic staff 2.92 (0.85–10.05) 1.81 (0.34–9.61)
 Friend/family member/Media Ref Ref
Self-reported of knowledge of CAM
 None/Some 0.22 (0.11–0.45) 0.33 (0.13–0.87)
 Average/Good/Excellent Ref Ref
Discussed CAM with HCP
 Yes 3.85 (1.48–10.06) 2.85 (0.68–12.00)
 No Ref Ref
Believes CAM is a natural method for treating disease
 Yes 2.35 (1.33–4.14) 3.90 (1.26–12.00)
 No Ref Ref
Perceives that it is acceptable to use prescription medication and CAM simultaneously
 Yes 1.96 (0.97–3.98) 1.60 (0.55–4.70)
 No Ref Ref
Perceives that it is acceptable to stop taking prescription medication without consulting HCP if experiencing unpleasant side effects
 Yes 2.30 (1.14–4.66) 1.10 (0.39–3.09)
 No Ref Ref
Perceives that CAM should always be used instead of prescription medication
 Yes 2.68 (1.38–5.20) 1.21 (0.55–2.68)
 No Ref Ref
  1. a Estimated using logistic regression
  2. b Adjusted model includes significant variables in bivariate analyses: sex, parental status, prescription hypertensive medicine, medicine controlling hypertension, stop taking medicine if BP normal, perceives that it is acceptable to discontinue prescription medicine without consulting HCP, source from which have received information about CAM, previously discussing CAM with HCP, self-reported knowledge of CAM, perceives that CAM is a natural treatment method, perceives that it is acceptable to use prescription medication and CAM simultaneously to treat hypertension, and perceives that CAM should be used instead of prescription medication all or some of the time
  3. cQuasi-complete separation (QCS), CAM Complementary and alternative medicine
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