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Table 3 Self-reported knowledge and perceptions of CAM and CAM use for hypertension (HTN) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)

From: Factors associated with the use of complementary and alternative therapies among patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Western Jamaica: a cross-sectional study

  HTN
(n = 311)
T2DM
(n = 130)
Used CAM 247 (79.4) Did not use CAM 64 (20.6) p-value† Used CAM 85 (65.3) Did not use CAM 45 (34.6) p-value
Received information about CAM 51 (79.7) 14 (63.6) 0.131 66 (86.8) 25 (27.5) 0.002
Source of information on CAM    0.076    0.834
 HCP/clinic staff 38 (21.0) 3 (8.3)   10 (21.3) 4 (19.1)  
 Friend/family member/Media 143 (79.0) 33 (91.7)   37 (78.7) 17 (81.0)  
Heard positive or negative information about CAMa   0.271    0.252
 Yes 210 (90.9) 42 (85.7)   74 (93.7) 35 (87.5)  
 No 21 (9.1) 7 (14.3)   5 (6.3) 5 (12.5)  
Self-reported knowledge of CAM   < 0.0001    < 0.001
 None/Some 119 (49.2) 48 (81.4)   37 (45.1) 35 (83.3)  
 Average/Good/Excellent 123 (50.8) 11 (18.6)   45 (54.9) 7 (16.7)  
Discussed CAM with healthcare provider    0.004    0.008
 Yes 62 (25.9) 5 (8.3)   21 (28.4) 3 (7.3)  
 No 177 (74.1) 55 (91.7)   53 (71.6) 38 (92.7)  
Always discuss any CAM for your condition with your HCP 0.211    0.356
 Yes 170 (70.5) 37 (59.7)   55 (67.9) 25 (59.5)  
 No 70 (29.1) 25 (40.3)   26 (32.1) 17 (40.5)  
Perceives that a normal blood pressure reading means that. 0.941    
 Cured of disease 11 (5.0) 3 (5.3)     
 Blood pressure is normal at the time, but disease still present 208 (95.0) 54 (94.7)     
Believes CAM is a natural method for treating the disease 165 (68.5) 30 (48.4) 0.010 60 (73.2) 27 (62.8) 0.231
Perceives that it is acceptable to use prescription medication and CAM simultaneously 0.058    0.083
 Yes 72 (29.8) 11 (16.7)   27 (33.3) 8 (18.6)  
 No 170 (70.3) 51 (83.3)   54 (66.7) 35 (81.4)  
Perceives that it is acceptable to stop taking medicine without consulting HCP if experiencing unpleasant side effects 0.018    0.031
 Yes 80 (33.2) 11 (16.7)   30 (37.5) 8 (18.6)  
 No 161 (66.8) 51 (83.3)   50 (62.5) 35 (81.4)  
Perceives that CAM should always be used instead of prescription medication 0.003    0.462
 Yes 101 (41.6) 13 (21.0)   27 (32.9) 17 (39.5)  
 No 142 (58.4) 49 (79.0)   55 (67.1) 26 (60.5)  
Perceives that CAM is more effective at treating disease than prescription 0.105    0.062
 Yes 89 (36.8) 16 (25.8)   30 (36.6) 14 (32.6)  
 No 153 (63.2) 46 (74.2)   44 (53.7) 18 (41.9)  
  1. aIncluding that CAM is as good as or better than prescription medication, is effective, accessible, does not have side effects, and is inexpensive, is worse than prescription medication, is ineffective, has side effects, and is expensive; CAM Complementary and alternative medicine
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