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Table 2 Prescription medication association with CAM use among patients with hypertension (HTN) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)

From: Factors associated with the use of complementary and alternative therapies among patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Western Jamaica: a cross-sectional study

Variables Hypertension
(n = 311)
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
(n = 130)
Used CAM 247 (79.4) Did not use CAM 64 (20.6) p-value† Used CAM 85 (65.3) Did not use CAM 45 (34.6) p-value
Prescribed medicine for HTN/DM    0.080    0.860
 Yes 221 (89.8) 61 (96.8)   80 (94.1) 42 (93.3)  
 No 25 (10.2) 2 (3.2)   5 (5.9) 3 (6.7)  
Provider of prescription medicine    0.936    0.170
 Hospital/Health center 129 (58.6) 36 (58.1)   44 (58.7) 30 (71.4)  
 Pharmacy 91 (41.4) 26 (41.9)   31 (41.3) 12 (28.6)  
Pay for medication    0.220    0.014
 No 71 (32.0) 25 (40.3)   18 (23.7) 18 (46.2)  
 Yes 151 (68.0) 37 (59.7)   58 (76.3) 21 (53.9)  
Refill medicine on-time    0.787    0.163
 Yes 172 (75.8) 48 (77.4)   57 (73.1) 33 (84.6)  
 No/Sometimes 55 (24.2) 14 (22.6)   21 (26.9) 6 (15.4)  
Take medicine as prescribed    0.299    0.153
 Always 110 (48.3) 34 (55.7)   41 (51.3) 26 (65.0)  
 Not Always 118 (51.8) 27 (44.3)   39 (48.8) 14 (35.0)  
Medicine controlling disease    0.051    0.937
 Yes 172 (77.5) 55 (88.7)   67 (85.9) 35 (85.4)  
 No/Sometimes 50 (22.5) 7 (11.3)   11 (14.1) 6 (14.6)  
Discontinues medicine when BP normal   0.099    
 Yes/Sometimes 74 (33.2) 13 (22.0)     
 No 149 (66.8) 46 (78.0)     
Experience side effects from medicine    0.781    0.013
 Yes 73 (33.0) 19 (31.2)   32 (41.0) 7 (18.0)  
 No 148 (67.0) 42 (68.9)   46 (59.0) 32 (82.1)  
  1. CAM Complementary and alternative medicine
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