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Table 2 Prevalence, symptoms and severity of dysmenorrhea among the students

From: Use of complementary and alternative therapies for the treatment of dysmenorrhea among undergraduate pharmacy students in Malaysia: a cross sectional study

Variable Frequency (N = 219) Percentage (%)
Prevalence of dysmenorrhea 158 72.1
Symptoms of dysmenorrhea
 Cramp in lower abdomen 139 88.0
 Pain radiating to the leg 42 26.6
 Fatigue 83 52.5
 Headache 50 31.6
 Diarrhoea 17 10.8
 Nausea and vomiting 26 16.5
 Fainting 4 2.5
 Multiple symptoms (>  3) 111 70.3
Severity of dysmenorrheaa
 Mild 24 15.2
 Moderate 96 60.7
 Severe 38 24.1
  1. aSeverity of dysmenorrhea was assessed using WaLIDD scale. WaLIDD score = 0, 1–4, 5–7, and 8–12 represented no, mild, moderate and severe dysmenorrhea, respectively; SD Standard deviation