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Table 1 Inhibition of pathogenic trichomonads by food and medicinal plant compounds listed alphabetically

From: Anti-trichomonad activities of different compounds from foods, marine products, and medicinal plants: a review

Compound Source Trichomonad Inhibition Reference
Benzopyrans medicinal plant; Hypericum polyanthenum T. vaginalis cell damage [11]
Betulinic acid medicinal plant; Palatanus acerifoli T. vaginalis cell growth [12]
(+)-Bisabolol essential oil; Nectandra megapotamica T. vaginalis IC50 98.7 μg/mL [13]
Caffeic acid potatoes; Solanum tuberosum 3 trichomonads a 21.1–42.8% [14]
Candimine ornamental plant; Hippeastrum morelianum T. vaginalis cell damage [15]
Carmaphycin-17 cancer drug; protesome inhibitor T. vaginalis highly active [16]
α-Chaconine potatoes; Solanum tuberosum 3 trichomonads IC50 35-60 μM [14]
Chlorogenic acid potatoes; Solanum tuberosum 3 trichomonads 11.4–21.9% [14]
Emodin rhubarb; Rheum palmatum T. vaginalis active in mice [17]
Geraniol essential oil; Amomum tsao-ko T. vaginalis 171-343 μg/mL [18]
Hedargenin medicinal plant; Cassnia holstii T. vaginalis IC50 2.8 μM [19]
(+)-Isoaustrobrasilol medicinal plant; Hypericum spp. T. vaginalis cell damage [20]
Lectin kidney beans; Phaseolus vulgaris T. vaginalis cell damage [21]
Lucidin-isopropyl-ether plant roots; Morinda panamensis T. vaginalis IC50 1.32 μg/mL [22]
Lycorine ornamental plant; Hippeastrum breviflorum T. vaginalis cell damage [23]
Lycosinine ornamental plant; Hippeastrum breviflorum T. vaginalis cell damage [23]
Methyl jasmonate plant hormone T. vaginalis cell death [24]
N-acetyl-L-cysteine L-cysteine amino acid T. vaginalis active in vivo [16]
Pyrrolocin A fungal endophyte E6927E T. vaginalis EC50 60 nM [25]
Quercetin potatoes; Solanum tuberosum 3 trichomonads 18.5–46.6% [14]
Resveratrol grapes; Vitis vinifera T. vaginalis IC50 25 μM [26]
Saponins A, B medicinal plant; Sapindus saponaria T. vaginalis MIC 0.025%; MIC 0.16 mg/mL [27] [28]
Solanidine potatoes; Solanum tuberosum 3 trichomonads 22.6–48.4% [14]
α-Solanine potatoes; Solanum tuberosum 3 trichomonads IC50 10.9–16.8 μM [14]
Tomatidine tomatoes; Lycopersicon esculentum 3 trichomonads 3.2–22.9% [29]
Tomatine tomatoes; Lycopersicon esculentum 3 trichomonads IC50 2.0–7.9 μM [29]
Torvosides medicinal plant; Solanum torvum T. vaginalis MIC 6.2–12.5 μM [30]
Uliginosin B medicinal plant; Hypericum polyanthenum T. vaginalis cell damage [11]
Ursolic acid medicinal plant; Manika rufula T. vaginalis MIC 25 μM [31]
Wogonine plant leaves; Scutellaria havanensis T. vaginalis cytotoxicity [32]
  1. aBovine, feline, and human trichomonad strains