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Table 3 Summary of the hepatoprotective effect of Beta vulgaris juice (BVJ) phytochemicals against Pb toxicity

From: The synergistic hepatoprotective potential of Beta vulgaris juice and 2,3- dimercaptosuccinic acid in lead-intoxicated rats via improving the hepatic oxidative and inflammatory stress

Phytochemical compound The hepatoprotective mechanism Reference
Betalains - antioxidant and free radicals scavenging. up-regulation of GST α1 expression [41, 48]
Rutin - scavenge and neutralize free radicals. [41]
Flavonoids - scavenge and neutralize free radicals. Significant prevention of IL-6 production. Improvement of antioxidant indices and decrease lipid peroxidation level. [47]
Gallic acid
Syringic acid
Vanillic acid
Ellagic acid
Rosmarinic acid
Benzoic acid
o- Coumaric acid