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Table 1 Common names, botanical names and the morphological parts of the constituent medicinal plants of the TBQ

From: The Porphyromonas gingivalis inhibitory effects, antioxidant effects and the safety of a Sri Lankan traditional betel quid - an in vitro study

Common name Botanical name Morphological part of the plant Classification number
Clove Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & Perry Flower buds MP2017001
Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton Fruits MP2017002
Coriander Coriandrum sativum L. Seeds MP2017003
Betel Piper betle L. Leaves MP2018001
Areca nut Areca catechu L. Seeds MP2018002
Nutmeg- seed Myristica fragrans Houtt. Seeds & Seed coverings MP2018003
Java galangal Kaempferia galanga L. Rhizomes MP2018004