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Table 2 Self-care interventions reported in surveys

From: Self-care for anxiety and depression: a comparison of evidence from Cochrane reviews and practice to inform decision-making and priority-setting

Intervention Patient/public use for depression or anxiety or both? Number of surveys mentioning intervention
(N = 20)
Recommendations from expert surveys
Aromatherapy Depression 2
Bibliotherapy Depression 4 Depression/anxiety
Dietary change† Depression 6 Depression/anxiety
Dietary supplements (other than vitamins/minerals or herbs) ‡ Depression 5
Exercise Depression 11 Depression/anxiety
Herbal medicine§ Depression/anxiety 10 Depression
Homeopathy Depression 3
Internet self-help Depression 3 Depression
Massage Depression/anxiety 7
Meditation/mindfulness Depression 7 Depression/anxiety
Music Depression 3
Natural environments Depression 1 Anxiety
Pets/animals Depression 3 Depression
Prayer/spirituality Depression 4
Relaxation Depression/anxiety 10 Depression/anxiety
Self-help groups (not internet) Depression 5 Depression
Sunlight exposure Depression 1 Depression
Vitamins/minerals¶ Depression/anxiety 7
Yoga Depression 6 Anxiety
  1. †Changes included reducing caffeine, increasing caffeine, eating a high-carbohydrate diet, and reducing sugar, consuming cocoa or chocolate, improved diet
  2. ‡Non-vitamin, non-mineral, non-herbal dietary supplements and specific supplements including fish oil/omega-3, L-tryptophan or 5HTP, and SAMe
  3. §Herbal medicine in general and specific herbs including St. John’s wort and chamomile
  4. ¶ Vitamins in general, magnesium and vitamin-B complex