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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients with first-stroke admitted to hospitals participating in the TCM scheme

From: Predictors for the use of traditional Chinese medicine among inpatients with first-time stroke: a population-based study

Characteristics TCM users (n = 7455) TCM non-users (n = 81,707) P
Demographic factors
 Age (years)    < 0.001
   ≥ 65 3466 (46.5%) 44,111 (54.0%)  
  45–64 3210 (43.1%) 31,065 (38.0%)  
   < 45 779 (10.4%) 6531 (8.0%)  
 Sex    0.142
  Women 2912 (39.1%) 32,627 (39.9%)  
  Men 4543 (60.9%) 49,080 (60.1%)  
Clinical factors
 Type of stroke    < 0.001
  Hemorrhagic 2552 (34.2%) 21,235 (26.0%)  
  Ischemic 4752 (63.8%) 59,433 (72.7%)  
  Hemorrhagic & ischemic 151 (2.0%) 1039 (1.3%)  
 Length of hospital stay for first-time stroke (days)    < 0.001
  1–7 783 (10.5%) 43,133 (52.8%)  
  8–14 1244 (16.7%) 18,442 (22.6%)  
  15–28 1645 (22.1%) 11,211 (13.7%)  
   ≥ 29 3783 (50.7%) 8921 (10.9%)  
 SSI score    < 0.001
   ≥ 20 1537 (20.6%) 9510 (11.6%)  
  10–19 2697 (36.2%) 17,483 (21.4%)  
   < 10 3221 (43.2%) 54,714 (67.0%)  
 CCI score    < 0.001
   ≥ 3 127 (1.7%) 2321 (2.8%)  
  1–2 2938 (39.4%) 31,313 (38.3%)  
  0 4390 (58.9%) 48,073 (58.9%)  
 Hospital accreditation level    < 0.001
  Medical center 3866 (51.9%) 44,954 (55.0%)  
  Regional hospital 3484 (46.7%) 36,076 (44.2%)  
  Community hospital 105 (1.4%) 677 (0.8%)  
 Rehabilitation during hospitalization for first-time stroke    < 0.001
  No 474 (6.4%) 46,164 (56.5%)  
  Yes 6981 (93.6%) 35,543 (43.5%)  
 TCM treatment in the past 9 years before first-time stroke    < 0.001
  No 2190 (29.4%) 26,352 (32.2%)  
  Yes 5265 (70.6%) 55,355 (67.8%)  
Socioeconomic factors
 Urbanization residency level    < 0.001
  1 (most urbanized) 1293 (17.4%) 15,215 (18.6%)  
  2 2454 (32.9%) 25,119 (30.7%)  
  3 1179 (15.8%) 13,929 (17.1%)  
  4 1287 (17.3%) 13,737 (16.8%)  
  5 286 (3.8%) 4007 (4.9%)  
  6 471 (6.3%) 5448 (6.7%)  
  7 (least urbanized) 485 (6.5%) 4252 (5.2%)  
 Insured amount per month    < 0.001
   < 576 USD 3272 (43.9%) 38,270 (46.8%)  
   ≥ 576 USD 4183 (56.1%) 43,437 (53.2%)  
  1. Abbreviations: TCM Traditional Chinese medicine; USD United States dollar; SSI Stroke severity index; CCI Charlson-Deyo comorbidity index