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Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression analysis for determining factors affecting CAM use during MERS

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among outpatients during the 2015 MERS outbreak in South Korea: a cross-sectional study

VariablesOR95% CIp-value
Gender
 Male1Ref 
 Female1.3280.506–3.4860.564
Age (years)
  ≤ 391Ref 
 40–492.7531.121–6.7610.027
  ≥ 503.5741.290–9.9050.014
Religion
 No1Ref 
 Yes1.3870.678–2.8370.370
Marital status
 Married1Ref 
 Single1.3210.546–3.1990.537
Occupation
 Not employed1Ref 
 Self-employed2.2750.806–6.4230.121
 Office worker0.7630.283–2.0540.592
 Professional1.2740.459–3.5330.642
Smoking status
 No1Ref 
 Yes0.6100.240–1.5530.300
Alcohol drinking
 No1Ref 
 Yes1.3890.566–3.4060.473
Prior CAM use
 No1Ref 
 Yes20.4508.335–50.176< 0.001
Concern about no treatment modality available for MERSª
 Low1Ref 
 Moderate1.2040.425–3.4070.727
 High1.6250.612–4.3100.330
Trust in the government response
 Appropriate1Ref 
 Inappropriate2.5471.189–5.4580.016
 No opinion1.1700.420–3.2630.764
Perceived danger of MERS outbreak on healthb
 Low1Ref 
 Moderate0.8500.228–2.8440.736
 High1.0660.298–3.8160.922
Frequent hand washing during the outbreak
 No1Ref 
 Yes2.0170.922–4.4130.079
Refraining from physical contact with others
 No1Ref 
 Yes2.0290.727–5.6590.176
  1. ª Participants were asked to rate their degree of concern (1 = Not at all, 5 = Very much)
  2. b Participants were asked to rate their self-perceived danger of the MERS on health (1 = Not at all, 5 = Very much)