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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of respondents

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among outpatients during the 2015 MERS outbreak in South Korea: a cross-sectional study

CharacteristicsTotal
n = 331 (%)
CAM users
n = 252 (%)
Non-users
n = 79 (%)
p-value
Gender
 Male106 (32.0)70 (27.8)36 (45.6)0.003
 Female225 (68.0)182 (72.2)43 (54.4)
Age (years)
  ≤ 39104 (31.4)66 (26.2)38 (48.1)0.001
 40–4993 (28.1)72 (28.6)21 (26.6)
  ≥ 50134 (40.5),114 (45.2)20 (25.3)
Marital status
 Single91 (27.5)62 (24.6)29 (36.7)0.035
 Married240 (72.5)190 (75.4)50 (63.3)
Level of education
 Up to secondary school162 (48.9)125 (49.6)37 (46.8)0.668
 Undergraduate or higher169 (51.1)127 (50.4)42 (53.2)
Occupation
 Professional77 (23.3)65 (25.8)12 (15.2)0.001
 Office worker80 (24.2)48 (19.1)32 (40.5)
 Self-employed69 (20.8)57 (22.6)12 (15.2)
 Not employed105 (31.7)82 (32.5)23 (29.1)
Monthly household income
 Low (under 1 M won)71 (21.5)53 (21.0)18 (22.8)0.348
 Middle (2 M ~ 4 M won)123 (37.2)99 (39.3)24 (30.4)
 High (Over 4 M won)137 (41.4)100 (39.7)37 (46.8)
Religion
 No136 (41.1)93 (36.9)43 (54.4)0.006
 Yes195 (58.9)159 (63.1)36 (45.6)
Type of current illness    
 Chronic disease140 (42.3)113 (44.8)27 (34.2)0.094
 Acute condition191 (57.7)139 (55.2)52 (65.8)
Smoking status
 No237 (71.6)191 (75.8)46 (58.2)0.003
 Yes94 (28.4)61 (24.2)33 (41.8)
Alcohol drinking
 No88 (26.6)74 (29.4)14 (17.7)0.041
 Yes243 (73.4)178 (70.6)65 (82.3)
Prior CAM use
 No150 (45.3)78 (31.0)72 (91.1)< 0.001
 Yes181 (54.7)174 (69.0)7(8.9)
  1. CAM Complementary and Alternative Medicine