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Table 4 Phytochemical characterization studies of Sedum spp. and their associations with biological and pharmacological events, and evolutionary and ecological significance

From: Antimicrobial potential, phytochemical profile, cytotoxic and genotoxic screening of Sedum praealtum A. DC. (balsam)

SpeciesPhytochemical compoundBiological and pharmacological activity
Sedum tatarinowii (root, stem and leaves) [17]Total falconoid (↑mg/g), Polysaccharide (↑mg/g), Free phenol (↓mg/100 g) and Bound phenol (↓mg/100 g).Antimicrobial test (E. coli, S. aureus, S. typhimurium and L. monocytogenes).
Sedum aizoon (root, stem and leaves) [17]Total falconoid (↓mg/g), Polysaccharide (↓mg/g), Free phenol (↑mg/100 g) and Bound phenol (↑mg/100 g).Antimicrobial test (E. coli, S. aureus, S. typhimurium and L. monocytogenes).
Sedum dendroideum (leaves) [4]Flavonoids: kaempferol 3-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-glucopyranoside-7-O-α glucopyranoside; kaempferol 3-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-glucopyranoside-7-O-α-rhamnopyranoside; kaempferol 3-O-α-rhamnopyranoside-7-O-α-rhamnopyranoside (kaempferitrin); kaempferol 3-O-β-glucopyranoside-7-O-α-rhamnopyranoside.In vivo antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities (adult male Swiss mice).
Sedum meyeri-johannis Engler, S. bourgaei Hemsley, S. dendroideum Moç & Sessé, S. reptans Clausen, S. acre L., S. brissemoreti Hamet, S. farinosum Lowe, S. fusiforme Lowe, S. nudum Aiton, S. anglicum Huds., S. melanantherum DC., S. alpestre Vill., S. annuum L., S. urvillei DC., S. litoreum Guss., S. stellatum L., S. album L., S. brevifolium DC., S. lydium Boiss., S. forsterianum Sm., S. montanum Song. & Perr. spp. montanum, S. rupestre L. ssp. erectum ‘t Hart and S. sediforme (Jacq.) Pau. (leaves) [3]Alkaloids and tannins (proanthocyanidins and esters of gallic acid) in 36 species of the Crassulaceae representing the five largest of Berger’s (1930) six subfamilies, including 23 Sedum spp.Characterization of the alkaloids and tannins (proanthocyanidins and esters of gallic acid) and their evolutionary and ecological significance.
Sedum telephium ssp. maximum (leaves) [2]Flavonol glycosides (kaempferol 3-O-β-neohesperidoside-7-O-α-rhamnoside and quercetin 3-O-β-neohesperidoside-7-O-α-rhamnoside), quercetin, kaempferol and their 3-giucosides, 7-rhamnosides and 3,7-dirhamnosidesTo investigate the flavonoids constituents.
Sedum cepaea (aerial plant material) [1]Cyanogenic compound (sarmentosin epoxide)Releases HCN after hydrolysis of the oxiran group to a cyanohydrins.