Skip to main content

Table 4 Odds ratios of correlatives for belief on traditional medicine based on multi-level logit regression models

From: Belief in and use of traditional Chinese medicine in Shanghai older adults: a cross-sectional study

 Model IModel IIModel IIIModel IVModel V
Demographics
 Gender (male = 1, female = 0)0.8950.839*0.790**0.8880.758***
 Age (range: 50–100)0.991**0.990**0.9950.9970.999
 Residence (urban = 1, rural = 0)0.737*0.687**0.530***0.8050.579***
Medical factors
 Hypertension (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.984  0.950
 Cardiovascular diseases (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.160  1.143
 Stroke (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.838  0.886
 Pneumonia/ … / asthma (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.020  1.042
 Diabetes (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.968  1.006
 Depression (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.253  1.373
 Cancer (yes = 1, no = 0) 2.100**  1.823*
 Prostatitis (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.740**  1.628**
 Osteoporosis/osteoarthritis (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.846  0.848
 Fracture (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.511*  1.440*
 Parkinson’s disease (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.550  0.556
 Nervous system disease (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.706*  0.743
Socioeconomics
 Education (primary school or below = 0)     
 Middle school  1.210 1.225
 High/polytechnic school  1.499** 1.485**
 Colleague or above.  1.702*** 1.618**
 Monthly income (range: 0–10,000 yuan)  1.066 1.053
Main occupation (professional/administrative = 0)
 Clerk/service  0.774 0.820
 Physical labor  0.729 0.767*
 Other  0.649 0.733
Relational and contextual factors
 Spouse accompany (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.1611.078
 Number of strong ties to confide   1.054***1.052***
 Knowing medical staff (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.540***1.420***
 Number of community facilities   1.0231.015
 GDP per capita in the district (unit: 10,000 yuan)   0.9811.031
 Medical staff per 10,000 residents in the district   1.0181.002
 Individual-level Intercept2.181*2.567**2.0180.6950.911
 Log Likelihood− 2288.98− 2269.16− 2252.12− 2259.44− 2215.69
 District-level Intercept0.210.200.180.250.22
 Sample size34153415340834153408
  1. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05
\