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Table 4 Odds ratios of correlatives for belief on traditional medicine based on multi-level logit regression models

From: Belief in and use of traditional Chinese medicine in Shanghai older adults: a cross-sectional study

  Model I Model II Model III Model IV Model V
Demographics
 Gender (male = 1, female = 0) 0.895 0.839* 0.790** 0.888 0.758***
 Age (range: 50–100) 0.991** 0.990** 0.995 0.997 0.999
 Residence (urban = 1, rural = 0) 0.737* 0.687** 0.530*** 0.805 0.579***
Medical factors
 Hypertension (yes = 1, no = 0)   0.984    0.950
 Cardiovascular diseases (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.160    1.143
 Stroke (yes = 1, no = 0)   0.838    0.886
 Pneumonia/ … / asthma (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.020    1.042
 Diabetes (yes = 1, no = 0)   0.968    1.006
 Depression (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.253    1.373
 Cancer (yes = 1, no = 0)   2.100**    1.823*
 Prostatitis (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.740**    1.628**
 Osteoporosis/osteoarthritis (yes = 1, no = 0)   0.846    0.848
 Fracture (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.511*    1.440*
 Parkinson’s disease (yes = 1, no = 0)   0.550    0.556
 Nervous system disease (yes = 1, no = 0)   0.706*    0.743
Socioeconomics
 Education (primary school or below = 0)      
 Middle school    1.210   1.225
 High/polytechnic school    1.499**   1.485**
 Colleague or above.    1.702***   1.618**
 Monthly income (range: 0–10,000 yuan)    1.066   1.053
Main occupation (professional/administrative = 0)
 Clerk/service    0.774   0.820
 Physical labor    0.729   0.767*
 Other    0.649   0.733
Relational and contextual factors
 Spouse accompany (yes = 1, no = 0)     1.161 1.078
 Number of strong ties to confide     1.054*** 1.052***
 Knowing medical staff (yes = 1, no = 0)     1.540*** 1.420***
 Number of community facilities     1.023 1.015
 GDP per capita in the district (unit: 10,000 yuan)     0.981 1.031
 Medical staff per 10,000 residents in the district     1.018 1.002
 Individual-level Intercept 2.181* 2.567** 2.018 0.695 0.911
 Log Likelihood − 2288.98 − 2269.16 − 2252.12 − 2259.44 − 2215.69
 District-level Intercept 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.25 0.22
 Sample size 3415 3415 3408 3415 3408
  1. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05