Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds ratios of correlatives for use of traditional medicine based on multi-level logit regression models

From: Belief in and use of traditional Chinese medicine in Shanghai older adults: a cross-sectional study

 Model IModel IIModel IIIModel IVModel V
Demographics
 Gender (male = 1, female = 0)0.762***0.752***0.690***0.754***0.681***
 Age (range: 50–100)1.007*0.9981.010*1.012**1.005
 Residence (urban = 1, rural = 0)0.712*0.715*0.619**0.7630.682*
Medical factors
 Hypertension (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.166*  1.138
 Cardiovascular diseases (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.447***  1.446***
 Stroke (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.947  0.991
 Pneumonia/ … / asthma (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.525***  1.559***
 Diabetes (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.156  1.188
 Depression (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.454  1.540
 Cancer (yes = 1, no = 0) 3.643***  3.391***
 Prostatitis (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.712**  1.605**
 Osteoporosis/osteoarthritis (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.300***  1.318**
 Fracture (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.452*  1.398
 Parkinson’s disease (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.560  0.572
 Nervous system disease (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.389  1.446*
Socioeconomics
 Education (primary school or below = 0)     
 Middle school  1.175 1.206
 High/polytechnic school  1.341* 1.382*
 Colleague or above.  1.724*** 1.753***
 Monthly income (range: 0–10,000 yuan)  1.022 1.017
 Main occupation (professional/administrative = 0)     
 Clerk/service  0.740* 0.778*
 Physical labor  0.853 0.902
 Other  0.829 0.910
Relational and contextual factors
 Spouse accompany (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.1411.129
 Number of strong ties to confide   1.049***1.044***
 Knowing medical staff (yes = 1, no = 0)   1.1911.085
 Number of community facilities   1.0261.022
 GDP per capita in the district (unit: 10,000 yuan)   1.0001.049
 Medical staff per 10,000 residents in the district   1.0221.008
Individual-level Intercept0.7851.0010.7120.268**0.330*
Log Likelihood− 2307.47− 2250.28− 2285.15− 2289.81− 2217.10
Variance of District-level Intercept0.120.120.110.130.12
Sample size34153415340834153408
  1. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05
\