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Table 2 Sample characteristics by attitude and use of traditional medicine

From: Belief in and use of traditional Chinese medicine in Shanghai older adults: a cross-sectional study

  Belief on Traditional Medicine Use of Traditional Medicine
  Yes No Yes No
Sample size 1593 1825 1568 1850
Demographics
 Gender (male = 1, female = 0) 46.3% 48.7% 43.8% 50.8%
 Mean age (range: 50–100) 68.5 69.3 69.5 68.5
 Residence (urban = 1, rural = 0) 85.2% 89.2% 85.4% 88.9%
Medical factors
 Hypertension (yes = 1, no = 0) 47.0% 49.0% 50.5% 46.0%
 Cardiovascular diseases (yes = 1, no = 0) 24.0% 23.2% 27.9% 19.9%
 Stroke (yes = 1, no = 0) 5.2% 6.4% 6.1% 5.5%
 Pneumonia/ … / asthma (yes = 1, no = 0) 11.9% 12.0% 15.2% 9.1%
 Diabetes (yes = 1, no = 0) 10.7% 11.5% 12.1% 10.3%
 Depression (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.1% 1.2% 1.3% 1.0%
 Cancer (yes = 1, no = 0) 3.5% 1.6% 4.0% 1.2%
 Prostatitis (yes = 1, no = 0) 6.2% 4.0% 6.3% 3.9%
 Osteoporosis/osteoarthritis (yes = 1, no = 0) 20.0% 21.3% 24.0% 17.9%
 Fracture (yes = 1, no = 0) 5.5% 3.9% 6.1% 3.4%
 Parkinson’s disease (yes = 1, no = 0) 0.4% 0.9% 0.6% 0.8%
 Nervous system disease (yes = 1, no = 0) 4.8% 6.1% 7.3% 4.1%
Socioeconomics
 Education: Primary school or below 25.3% 30.4% 27.7% 28.3%
 Middle school 30.2% 35.1% 30.5% 34.8%
 High/polytechnic school 27.9% 23.8% 25.8% 25.7%
 Colleague or above. 16.6% 10.7% 16.1% 11.2%
 Monthly income (range: 0–10,000 Yuan) 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5
 Main occupation: Professional/administrative 25.4% 17.1% 24.2% 18.2%
 Clerk/service 19.9% 19.1% 17.9% 20.8%
 Physical labor 42.8% 50.3% 44.5% 48.7%
 Other 12.0% 13.6% 13.4% 12.4%
Relational and contextual factors
 Spouse accompany (yes = 1, no = 0) 80.2% 75.7% 78.1% 77.5%
 Average number of strong ties to confide 4.3 3.7 4.2 3.7
 Knowing medical staff (yes = 1, no = 0) 21.0% 13.5% 19.1% 15.2%
 Average number of community facilities 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.2
 GDP per capita in the district (unit: 10,000 Yuan) 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4
 Medical staff per 10,000 residents in the district 10.8 10.7 10.9 10.6