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Table 2 Sample characteristics by attitude and use of traditional medicine

From: Belief in and use of traditional Chinese medicine in Shanghai older adults: a cross-sectional study

 Belief on Traditional MedicineUse of Traditional Medicine
 YesNoYesNo
Sample size1593182515681850
Demographics
 Gender (male = 1, female = 0)46.3%48.7%43.8%50.8%
 Mean age (range: 50–100)68.569.369.568.5
 Residence (urban = 1, rural = 0)85.2%89.2%85.4%88.9%
Medical factors
 Hypertension (yes = 1, no = 0)47.0%49.0%50.5%46.0%
 Cardiovascular diseases (yes = 1, no = 0)24.0%23.2%27.9%19.9%
 Stroke (yes = 1, no = 0)5.2%6.4%6.1%5.5%
 Pneumonia/ … / asthma (yes = 1, no = 0)11.9%12.0%15.2%9.1%
 Diabetes (yes = 1, no = 0)10.7%11.5%12.1%10.3%
 Depression (yes = 1, no = 0)1.1%1.2%1.3%1.0%
 Cancer (yes = 1, no = 0)3.5%1.6%4.0%1.2%
 Prostatitis (yes = 1, no = 0)6.2%4.0%6.3%3.9%
 Osteoporosis/osteoarthritis (yes = 1, no = 0)20.0%21.3%24.0%17.9%
 Fracture (yes = 1, no = 0)5.5%3.9%6.1%3.4%
 Parkinson’s disease (yes = 1, no = 0)0.4%0.9%0.6%0.8%
 Nervous system disease (yes = 1, no = 0)4.8%6.1%7.3%4.1%
Socioeconomics
 Education: Primary school or below25.3%30.4%27.7%28.3%
 Middle school30.2%35.1%30.5%34.8%
 High/polytechnic school27.9%23.8%25.8%25.7%
 Colleague or above.16.6%10.7%16.1%11.2%
 Monthly income (range: 0–10,000 Yuan)2.62.42.52.5
 Main occupation: Professional/administrative25.4%17.1%24.2%18.2%
 Clerk/service19.9%19.1%17.9%20.8%
 Physical labor42.8%50.3%44.5%48.7%
 Other12.0%13.6%13.4%12.4%
Relational and contextual factors
 Spouse accompany (yes = 1, no = 0)80.2%75.7%78.1%77.5%
 Average number of strong ties to confide4.33.74.23.7
 Knowing medical staff (yes = 1, no = 0)21.0%13.5%19.1%15.2%
 Average number of community facilities5.45.25.45.2
 GDP per capita in the district (unit: 10,000 Yuan)1.41.51.51.4
 Medical staff per 10,000 residents in the district10.810.710.910.6
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