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Table 2 Logistic multilevel models of CAM use with individual-level variables. Post stratification weighted

From: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in Europe

 OverallPhysicalConsumable
CAM useCAM useCAM use
O.R.95% CIO.R.95% CIO.R.95% CI
Female1.621.491.751.441.281.621.801.612.01
Age group (ref. 25–44 years)
 45–64 years1.01 (−).941.08.97 (−).871.081.01 (−).931.11
 65+ years.94 (−).741.20.81 (−).621.071.04 (−).791.36
Educational level (ref. Primary Education)
 Secondary education1.581.391.791.681.461.931.481.241.77
 Tertiary education2.001.702.342.031.662.492.071.662.58
Financial strain (ref. Difficult/very difficult on present income)
 Coping1.13 (−).981.311.241.071.451.06 (−).901.24
 Living comfortably1.311.151.491.461.251.701.10 (−).951.29
Main activity (ref. Unemployed/Housework)
 Paid work1.151.031.291.321.101.58.92 (−).811.06
 Retired.83 (−).691.00.93 (−).751.15.71.58.87
 Permanently sick or disabled1.03 (−).861.241.21 (−).971.50.97 (−).751.26
Health care use (ref. No doctor visits)
 Only GP1.841.622.101.761.532.021.871.592.20
 MS or MS and GP2.872.373.472.952.403.632.752.143.53
Unmet need1.571.401.761.451.271.651.511.271.78
Dissatisfied with health services1.261.171.361.331.221.451.211.081.35
Poor health.97 (−).881.07.97 (−).891.06.98 (−).811.17
Longstanding health problem1.441.261.651.541.321.791.291.111.51
Constant term.03.02.04.01.01.02.02.01.03
ICC.076  .160  .158  
  1. (−) = Not significant on the .05 level