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Table 2 Cytokines protein percentages of changes in MDCK culture supernatants at 48 h treatment

From: Experimental validation and computational modeling of anti-influenza effects of quercetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside from indigenous south African medicinal plant Rapanea melanophloeos

TreatmentIL-6% change to H1N1CCL-2% change to H1N1IFN-β % change to H1N1
Co-pen−76.659− 52.488− 10.511
Pre-pen− 49.937−22.7614.955
  1. Percentages of cytokines changes compared to H1N1, as determined by ELISA, are expressed as pg/ml (N = 2) for 48 h incubation time