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Table 3 ACE activity of PBS extracts before and after simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGD)

From: ACE inhibitory peptides in standard and fermented deer velvet: an in silico and in vitro investigation

SampleSGDACE activity
Untreated control100 ± 5.23a
Captopril73.99 ± 5.23b
FDVAno16.36 ± 5.52c
yes17.57 ± 5.52c
DVAno41.55 ± 5.52d
yes17.57 ± 5.52c
  1. Data presented are means ± standard errors of 12 replicates. Captopril (1 nM) was included as a positive control treatment. Values with different subscripts differ significantly (P < 0.001 for comparisons bc and bd, and for all comparisons with the untreated control; P < 0.01 for comparison cd)