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Table 5 Cumulative frequency distribution of pediatric acupuncture users by disease categories and age groups from 2002 to 2011 in Taiwan

From: Trends in the utilization of acupuncture among children in Taiwan from 2002 to 2011: a nationwide population-based study

Diagnosis (ICD-9-CM range)Acupuncture
N (%)a
Age (year)
≤9 (%)> 9 (%)p-value
Injury and Poisoning (800–999)375,887 (67.0)13,342 (35.0)362,545 (69.4)< 0.001
Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and Connective Tissue (710–739)130,525 (23.3)5417 (19.4)125,108 (23.9)< 0.001
Diseases of the Nervous System and Sense Organs (320–389)20,438 (3.64)7411 (19.4)13,027 (2.49)< 0.001
Mental Disorders (290–319)13,198 (2.35)7394 (14.2)6457 (1.24)< 0.001
Diseases of the Respiratory System (460–519)8584 (1.53)2127 (5.58)5804 (1.11)< 0.001
Symptoms, Signs, and Ill-Defined Conditions Injury and Poisoning (800–999)5494 (0.98)1661 (4.36)3833 (0.73)< 0.001
Diseases of the Digestive System (520–579)2306 (0.41)384 (1.01)1922 (0.37)< 0.001
Diseases of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue (680–709)1876 (0.33)170 (0.45)1706 (0.33)< 0.001
Diseases of the Genitourinary System (580–629)1000 (0.18)2 (0.42)998 (0.19)0.78
Diseases of the Circulatory System (390–459)863 (0.15)162 (0.07)701 (0.13)< 0.001
Endocrine, Nutritional, and Metabolic Diseases, and Immunity Disorders (240–279)363 (0.06)26 (0.06)337 (0.06)0.30
Neoplasms (140–239)181 (0.03)21 (0.01)160 (0.03)0.01
Infectious and Parasitic Diseases (001–139)115 (0.02)5 (0.01)110 (0.02)
Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium (630–676)1 (0.00)1 (0.00)0 (0.00)< 0.001
Diseases of the Blood and Blood-Forming Organs (280–289)0 (0.00)0 (0.00)0 (0.00)< 0.001
  1. aN: frequency of acupuncture use among pediatric patients in different disease categories during 10 years