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Table 2 Trajectories and critical ratios of the APUTCM and CCTCM scales

From: Development and validation of traditional & complementary medicine (TCM) scales for nurses: Using structural equation modelling (SEM)

TrajectoriesEstimateStand errorCritical ratio
 Cognitive Component
  Perceived needs for increasing patient awareness of TCM1.000  
  Belief in TCM as a patient self-management strategy0.9250.06414.498***
  Perceived insufficient knowledge about TCM.1.0940.07314.927***
  Integration of TCM into conventional care to address patients’ needs1.1160.06816.435***
 Affective Component
  Understanding of TCM assistance in the care of patients with the needs1.000  
  Acceptance and respect of patient’s TCM use1.1610.06318.329***
  The right to use both CM and TCM for patients1.2430.06419.277***
  Respect of patients’ TCM choices in disease self-management1.1750.06119.386***
 Behavioural Component
  Familiar with their own specialist-related TCM1.000  
  Ability to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCM1.7570.1769.982***
  Ability to search for trusted TCM information1.9340.18810.271***
  Ability to face TCM challenges with confidence2.0100.19410.375***
  Ability to assess and evaluate patient’s TCM use.1.8580.18010.301***
  Receiving training to improve TCM communication skills1.000  
  Learning integrative medicine to facilitate communication with patients regarding TCM use1.3810.09314.895***
  Answering TCM questions from evidence-based literature1.000  
  Feeling confidence in discussing TCM-related questions0.9020.04619.627***
  Listening patients’ TCM use in a respectful and open-minded manner0.9280.04421.252***
  1. ***=p< .001