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Table 4 CAM modalities used by infertile women based on their perceived level of disease severity

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among infertile women attending infertility specialty clinics in South Korea: does perceived severity matter?

CAM modalitiesOverall
n = 167 (%)
High perceived severity (4,5) #
n = 110 (%)
Low perceived severity (1,2,3) #
n = 57(%)
P-value
Natural Product*
 Multivitamin (folic acid, iron supplement, etc.)141 (84.4)93 (84.5)48 (84.2)0.043a
 Korean black raspberry (Rubus coreanus/Rubi Fructus)74 (44.3)54 (49.1)20 (35.1)0.008a
 Ginseng and red ginseng63 (37.7)50 (45.5)13 (22.8)<  0.001a
 Mugwort36 (21.6)26 (23.6)10 (17.5)0.143a
 Brown rice46 (27.5)30 (27.3)16 (28.1)0.509a
 Blood circulation supplement pills15 (9.0)14 (12.7)1 (1.8)0.006b
 Herbal tea9 (5.4)9 (8.2)0 (0.0)0.013b
Mind and body practices*
 Lower body bath/ hot spring bath53 (31.7)39 (35.5)14 (24.6)0.028a
 Yoga45 (25.9)31 (28.2)14 (24.6)0.242a
 Pray/meditation26 (15.6)18 (16.4)8 (14.0)0.400a
 Psychotherapy6 (3.6)6 (5.5)0 (0.0)0.084b
 Hypogastric breathing4 (2.4)1 (0.9)3 (5.3)0.305b
 Chiropractic3 (1.8)3 (2.7)0 (0.0)0.278b
 Massage15 (9.0)12 (10.9)3 (5.3)0.173b
 Magnetic therapy3 (1.8)1 (0.9)2 (3.5)0.566b
Other complementary health approaches (Korean traditional medicine)*
 Herbal medicine121 (72.5)86 (78.2)35 (61.4)0.001a
 Moxibustion32 (19.2)23 (20.9)9 (15.8)0.179a
 Acupuncture23 (13.8)18 (16.4)5 (8.8)0.075b
 Bee venom therapy8 (4.8)6 (5.5)2 (3.5)0.483b
  1. * Columns do not add up to 100% due to use of multiple treatments
  2. # Perceived severity of disease was self-rated by participants on a 5-point Likert scale (1 = Not at all, 5 = Very much). Those who rated their severity from 1 to 3 were categorized as ‘low perceived severity’ group, whereas those who scored from 4 to 5 were put in ‘high perceived severity’ group
  3. a Denotes Pearson’s Chi-square tests
  4. b Denotes Fisher’s exact test