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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the total sample and of the participants visiting TM providers, CM providers, and TM as well as CM providers

From: Prevalence, and health- and sociodemographic associations for visits to traditional and complementary medical providers in the seventh survey of the Tromsø study

 The total populationNo visits to T&CM providersVisits to TM providersVisits to CM providersVisits to both TM and CM providersp-value*
 % (n = 21,083)% (n = 18,977)% (n = 324)% (n = 1580)% (n = 202) 
1. Self-reported health (scale 0–100)
 Mean (SD)76.1 (16.32)76.5 (16.10)68.6 (17.73)73.1 (17.31)66.9 (18.57)< 0.001b
 Missing41637710218 
2. Self-reported health1      
 Good68.414,29069.613,09445.014461.295747.795<0.001a
 Neither26.1545025.3476242.213530.547837.775 
 Bad5.611635.196312.8418.313014.629 
 Missing 180 158 4 15 3 
3. Use of other health care last year
 Seen a GP80.516,85279.314,93592.930191.2143291.11840.583a
 Missing 153 144 0 9 0 
 Number of visits to GP Mean (SD)3.46 (3.61)3.32 (3.49)5.74 (5.84)4.24 (3.82)5.01 (4.75)< 0.001a
 Missing 1619 1457 37 107 18 
 Hospitalized11.0229710.6198924.17712.719915.932< 0.001a
 Missing 209 190 5 12 1 
4. Age
 Mean (SD)57.3 (11.42)57.46 (11.44)59.3 (12.94)55.4 (10.75)55.8 (10.67)< 0.001b
 40–59 years59.112,46760.111,09453.917269.3106967.3132< 0.001a
 60 years and above38.2805239.9736946.114730.747332.764 
5. Gender
 Men47.510,00949.0929438.612532.751636.6740.085a
 Women52.511,07451.0698361.419967.3106463.4128 
6. Living with a spouse/partner           
 Yes76.815,28377.113,81472.421376.3113764.31190.001a
 No23.2460922.9410827.68123.735435.766 
 Missing 1191 1055 30 89 17 
7. Household income2
 < NOK 451′/ € 45’22.5454522.1401937.911422.033639.876< 0.001a
 NOK 451′-750′/€ 45′-75’29.2588429.1526933.910229.645231.961 
 > NOK 750′/€ 75’48.3975648.9888028.28548.373728.354 
 Missing 898 809 23 55 11 
8. How will you evaluate your finaces3           
 Good70.314,55471.013,24654.417066.4103553.1103<0.001a
 Average26.2542625.7479236.211328.945136.170 
 Difficult3.67373.36149.3294.77310.821 
 Missing 366 325 12 21 8 
9. Years of education           
 Primary school23.2479622.9426339.212322.535030.360<0.001a
 Secondary school27.8575627.6514726.88430.046729.358 
 College/university less than 4 years19.4400819.3360316.25120.531818.236 
 College/university 4 years or more29.7614530.2562517.85627.042022.244 
 Missing 378 339 10 25 4 
10. Ethnicity           
 Norwegian92.419,04092.617,18086.827091.9142486.5166<0.001a
 Sami/Kven4.28573.972512.5394.77310.420 
 Other3.47073.56470.623.4523.16 
 Missing 479 425 13 31 10 
11. Importance of religion           
 Very important8.317147.6141436.81139.715019.037<0.001a
 Somewhat important48.610,01948.4896948.214851.57975.8105 
 Not important43.0886244.0816315.04638.860027.253 
 Missing 488 431 17 33 7 
  1. aPearson’s chi-square test; bOne-Way ANOVA test; ‘1000; 1The differences remained when adjusting for age (p < 0.001), education (p < 0.001), and income (p < 0.001); 2The differences remained when adjusting for age (p = 0.015), self-reported health (p = 0.001), and living with a spouse/partner (p = 0.009); 3The differences remained when adjusting for age (p < 0.001) and self-reported health (p < 0.001), but not when adjusted for living with a spouse/partner (p = 0.803)
  2. Variable names are presented in bold
  3. *The p-value refers to the difference between the following three groups: Visits to TM providers, Visits to CM providers, and Visits to both TM and CM providers