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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the total sample and of the participants visiting TM providers, CM providers, and TM as well as CM providers

From: Prevalence, and health- and sociodemographic associations for visits to traditional and complementary medical providers in the seventh survey of the Tromsø study

  The total population No visits to T&CM providers Visits to TM providers Visits to CM providers Visits to both TM and CM providers p-value*
  % (n = 21,083) % (n = 18,977) % (n = 324) % (n = 1580) % (n = 202)  
1. Self-reported health (scale 0–100)
 Mean (SD) 76.1 (16.32) 76.5 (16.10) 68.6 (17.73) 73.1 (17.31) 66.9 (18.57) < 0.001b
 Missing 416 377 10 21 8  
2. Self-reported health1       
 Good 68.4 14,290 69.6 13,094 45.0 144 61.2 957 47.7 95 <0.001a
 Neither 26.1 5450 25.3 4762 42.2 135 30.5 478 37.7 75  
 Bad 5.6 1163 5.1 963 12.8 41 8.3 130 14.6 29  
 Missing   180   158   4   15   3  
3. Use of other health care last year
 Seen a GP 80.5 16,852 79.3 14,935 92.9 301 91.2 1432 91.1 184 0.583a
 Missing   153   144   0   9   0  
 Number of visits to GP Mean (SD) 3.46 (3.61) 3.32 (3.49) 5.74 (5.84) 4.24 (3.82) 5.01 (4.75) < 0.001a
 Missing   1619   1457   37   107   18  
 Hospitalized 11.0 2297 10.6 1989 24.1 77 12.7 199 15.9 32 < 0.001a
 Missing   209   190   5   12   1  
4. Age
 Mean (SD) 57.3 (11.42) 57.46 (11.44) 59.3 (12.94) 55.4 (10.75) 55.8 (10.67) < 0.001b
 40–59 years 59.1 12,467 60.1 11,094 53.9 172 69.3 1069 67.3 132 < 0.001a
 60 years and above 38.2 8052 39.9 7369 46.1 147 30.7 473 32.7 64  
5. Gender
 Men 47.5 10,009 49.0 9294 38.6 125 32.7 516 36.6 74 0.085a
 Women 52.5 11,074 51.0 6983 61.4 199 67.3 1064 63.4 128  
6. Living with a spouse/partner            
 Yes 76.8 15,283 77.1 13,814 72.4 213 76.3 1137 64.3 119 0.001a
 No 23.2 4609 22.9 4108 27.6 81 23.7 354 35.7 66  
 Missing   1191   1055   30   89   17  
7. Household income2
 < NOK 451′/ € 45’ 22.5 4545 22.1 4019 37.9 114 22.0 336 39.8 76 < 0.001a
 NOK 451′-750′/€ 45′-75’ 29.2 5884 29.1 5269 33.9 102 29.6 452 31.9 61  
 > NOK 750′/€ 75’ 48.3 9756 48.9 8880 28.2 85 48.3 737 28.3 54  
 Missing   898   809   23   55   11  
8. How will you evaluate your finaces3            
 Good 70.3 14,554 71.0 13,246 54.4 170 66.4 1035 53.1 103 <0.001a
 Average 26.2 5426 25.7 4792 36.2 113 28.9 451 36.1 70  
 Difficult 3.6 737 3.3 614 9.3 29 4.7 73 10.8 21  
 Missing   366   325   12   21   8  
9. Years of education            
 Primary school 23.2 4796 22.9 4263 39.2 123 22.5 350 30.3 60 <0.001a
 Secondary school 27.8 5756 27.6 5147 26.8 84 30.0 467 29.3 58  
 College/university less than 4 years 19.4 4008 19.3 3603 16.2 51 20.5 318 18.2 36  
 College/university 4 years or more 29.7 6145 30.2 5625 17.8 56 27.0 420 22.2 44  
 Missing   378   339   10   25   4  
10. Ethnicity            
 Norwegian 92.4 19,040 92.6 17,180 86.8 270 91.9 1424 86.5 166 <0.001a
 Sami/Kven 4.2 857 3.9 725 12.5 39 4.7 73 10.4 20  
 Other 3.4 707 3.5 647 0.6 2 3.4 52 3.1 6  
 Missing   479   425   13   31   10  
11. Importance of religion            
 Very important 8.3 1714 7.6 1414 36.8 113 9.7 150 19.0 37 <0.001a
 Somewhat important 48.6 10,019 48.4 8969 48.2 148 51.5 797 5.8 105  
 Not important 43.0 8862 44.0 8163 15.0 46 38.8 600 27.2 53  
 Missing   488   431   17   33   7  
  1. aPearson’s chi-square test; bOne-Way ANOVA test; ‘1000; 1The differences remained when adjusting for age (p < 0.001), education (p < 0.001), and income (p < 0.001); 2The differences remained when adjusting for age (p = 0.015), self-reported health (p = 0.001), and living with a spouse/partner (p = 0.009); 3The differences remained when adjusting for age (p < 0.001) and self-reported health (p < 0.001), but not when adjusted for living with a spouse/partner (p = 0.803)
  2. Variable names are presented in bold
  3. *The p-value refers to the difference between the following three groups: Visits to TM providers, Visits to CM providers, and Visits to both TM and CM providers