Skip to main content

Table 4 Cytotoxicity, antiviral effect, and selectivity index of medicinal herb extracts

From: Investigation of Brassica juncea, Forsythia suspensa, and Inula britannica: phytochemical properties, antiviral effects, and safety

Materials CC50a (μg/mL) EC50b (μg/mL) SIc
 Tamiflu 569.25 ± 13.43 1.72 ± 0.21 330.170
 Chlorogenic acid 72.34 ± 2.21 24.77 ± 1.03 2.920
 Kaempferol 18.63 ± 0.06 2.46 ± 0.21 7.585
Plants Extract Solvents CC50 (mg/mL) EC50 (mg/mL) SI
Brassica juncea Ethanol 1.91 ± 0.11 Not effective Not effective
Water 9.73 ± 1.40 0.71 ± 0.06 13.668
Forsythia suspensa Ethanol 0.02 ± 0.00 Not effective Not effective
Water 0.10 ± 0.02 Not effective Not effective
Inula britannica Ethanol 0.19 ± 0.02 Not effective Not effective
Water 0.68 ± 0.11 Not effective Not effective
  1. aCC50, 50% cell cytotoxicity concentration
  2. bEC50, 50% virus-inhibitory concentration
  3. cSI, selectivity index (CC50/EC50)
  4. Experiments were conducted in triplicate