Skip to main content

Table 2 Factors associated with Herbal and Traditional Medicine use

From: Herbal or traditional medicine consumption in a Thai worker population: pattern of use and therapeutic control in chronic diseases

  Univariate Multivariate
Variable OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value
Age (> 50 vs < 50 years) 0.91 0.81–1.01 0.07 0.82 0.72–0.93 0.002
Sex (F vs M) 1.17 1.05–1.32 0.006 1.34 1.17–1.54 < 0.001
Obesity (Y vs N) 1.11 0.92–1.34 0.2    
Education (Secondary vs higher) 1.00 0.91–1.11 0.9    
Income (< 20,000 THB vs higher) 1.07 0.91–1.25 0.4    
Current smoker (Y vs N) 0.96 0.84–1.10 0.5    
Current alcohol (Y vs N) 1.18 1.06–1.31 0.003 1.30 1.30–1.14 < 0.001
SR Diabetes mellitus (Y vs N) 1.43 1.21–1.69 < 0.001 1.37 1.14–1.66 0.001
SR Hypertension (Y vs N) 1.12 1.00–1.26 0.058    
SR Liver disease (Y vs N) 1.42 1.21–1.67 < 0.001 1.39 1.17–1.64 < 0.001
SR Dyslipidemia (Y vs N) 1.31 1.18–1.46 < 0.001 1.33 1.18–1.50 < 0.001
SR Cancer (Y vs N) 1.38 1.07–1.78 0.01 1.32 1.003–1.74 0.047
SR CVD (Y vs N) 0.96 0.74–1.24 0.7    
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI confidence interval; Obesity; BMI > 30 kg/m2; Income, Monthly household income in Thai Baht; SR self-reported, CVD cardiovascular disease
  2. p < 0.05 denotes statistical significance
  3. Bold p values  < 0.05