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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for the acupuncture in routine care (ARC) patients by the treatment groups randomized acupuncture (ACU) and non-randomized acupuncture (NR-ACU)

From: Comparing physicians’ and patients’ reporting on adverse reactions in randomized trials on acupuncture—a secondary data analysis

Patient characteristics ACU
n = 5831
mean ± sd / n (%)
NR-ACU
n = 38,987
mean ± sd / n (%)
Total
n = 44,818
mean ± sd / n (%)
Age in years 48.1 ± 13.8 48.5 ± 14.1 48.5 ± 14.1
Gender
 Male 1883 (32.3) 12,688 (32.5) 14,571 (32.5)
 Female 3948 (67.7) 26,299 (67.5) 30,247 (67.5)
Graduation in school (available data n = 42,648)
 9 years 1799 (31.9) 11,398 (30.8) 13,197 (30.9)
 10 years 1672 (29.6) 10,227 (27.6) 11,899 (27.9)
 12/13 years 1945 (34.5) 13,886 (37.5) 15,831 (37.1)
 No graduation 47 (0.8) 234 (0.6) 281 (0.7)
 Still going to school 23 (0.4) 143 (0.4) 166 (0.4)
 Other graduation 154 (2.7) 1120 (3.0) 1274 (3.0)
Highest educational degree (available data n = 41,941)
 Apprenticeship 1858 (33.5) 11,612 (31.9) 13,470 (32.1)
 Technical school 628 (11.3) 4318 (11.9) 4946 (11.8)
 Technical college 981 (17.7) 6175 (17.0) 7156 (17.1)
 University of applied sciences 685 (12.3) 4874 (13.4) 5559 (13.3)
 University/college 745 (13.4) 5481 (15.1) 6226 (14.8)
 No degree 301 (5.4) 1797 (4.9) 2098 (5.0)
 Still in apprenticeship or 212 (3.8) 1164 (3.2) 1376 (3.3)
 universityOther degree 141 (2.5) 969 (2.7) 1110 (2.6)
Occupational status (available data n = 43,909)
 Employee 3442 (59.9) 22,687 (59.4) 26,129 (59.5)
 Self-employed 239 (4.2) 1905 (5.0) 2144 (4.9)
 Unemployed 441 (7.7) 2235 (5.9) 2676 (6.1)
 Welfare recipient 17 (0.3) 134 (0.4) 151 (0.3)
 Student 123 (2.1) 901 (2.4) 1024 (2.3)
 Pensioner 1295 (22.5) 8940 (23.4) 10,235 (23.3)
 Others 189 (3.3) 1361 (3.6) 1550 (3.5)
Living situation (available data n = 42,615)
 Multiperson household 4739 (84.1) 30,960 (83.7) 35,699 (83.8)
 Single person household 898 (15.9) 6018 (16.3) 6916 (16.2)
Diagnosis
 Headache 1571 (26.9) 11,545 (29.6) 13,116 (29.3)
 Asthma/allergic rhinitis 671 (11.5) 5342 (13.7) 6013 (13.4)
 Low back pain 1449 (24.8) 8532 (21.9) 9981 (22.3)
 Neck pain 1753 (30.1) 10,392 (26.7) 12,145 (27.1)
 Dysmenorrhea 101 (1.7) 448 (1.1) 549 (1.2)
 Arthritis 286 (4.9) 2728 (7.0) 3014 (6.7)
Health insurance status (available data n = 43,909)
 Member 4447 (77.4) 29,199 (76.5) 33,646 (76.6)
 Spouse 1202 (20.9) 8256 (21.6) 9458 (21.5)
 Child 97 (1.7) 708 (1.9) 805 (1.8)
Health insurance type (available data n = 43,909)
 Mandatory insured 3644 (63.4) 22,598 (59.2) 26,242 (59.8)
 Voluntary insured 2102 (36.6) 15,565 (40.8) 17,667 (40.2)