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Fig. 2 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 2

From: Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal ameliorates neurodegeneration and cognitive impairments associated with systemic inflammation

Fig. 2

ASH-WEX improves working memory and learning functions Performance of animals (n = 8/group) in Novel object recognition test was presented in panel a-f. ASH-WEX supplemented LPS (LPS + ASH-WEX)-treated rats exhibited more (a) number of episodes and (b) time spent in exploration of new object than the old one as compared to LPS-treated rats. (c) Histogram presenting significantly higher preference index of LPS + ASH-WEX-treated animals for new object over the old one indicates their intact recognition memory. (d, e, f) Histograms depicting the number and duration of the grooming bouts and number of rearings among the different treated groups. Values are expressed as mean ± SEM. *p ≤ 0.05 control versus ASH-WEX alone and LPS + ASH-WEX groups. +p ≤ 0.05 control versus LPS alone group. #p ≤ 0.05 LPS alone versus LPS + ASH-WEX group. $ represents statistically significant difference within groups (New vs. Old in each group) (one-way ANOVA with Holm-Sidak post hoc test, two-way ANOVA in a, b)

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