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Table 1 Antimicrobial activity of plant extracts against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213

From: Prenylated flavonoid-enriched fraction from Maclura tinctoria shows biological activity against Staphylococcus aureus and protects Galleria mellonella larvae from bacterial infection

ExtractFamilySpeciesVoucher number –VICInhibition zone (mm)*MIC (mg/mL)
2FOCaesalpinioideaeSenna macranthera40.5330.0
2FASenna macranthera 0.0
2GOSenna macranthera 0.0
2GASenna macranthera 0.0
4FOMimosoideaeAnadenanthera peregrina40.21310.0 ± 1.00.62
4FAAnadenanthera peregrina 13.0 ± 1.00.31
4GOAnadenanthera peregrina 9.0 ± 1,40.62
4GAAnadenanthera peregrina 9.6 ± 0.60.62
6FOSiparunaceaeSiparuna guianensis40.4090.0
6FASiparuna guianensis 0.0
6GOSiparuna guianensis 0.0
6GASiparuna guianensis 7.0 ± 0.02.5
8FORubiaceaeBathysa nicholsonii40.2736.6 ± 1.110.0
8FABathysa nicholsonii 6.3 ± 0.61.25
8GOBathysa nicholsonii 9.3 ± 0,60.62
8GABathysa nicholsonii 0.0
9FOSalicaceaeCasearia sylvestris40.3900,0
9FACasearia sylvestris 0.0
9GOCasearia sylvestris 0.0
9GACasearia sylvestris 0.0
10FOMoraceaeFicus eximia40.2630.0
10FAFicus eximia 0.0
10GOFicus eximia 0.0
10GAFicus eximia 0.0
11FOMoraceaeMaclura tinctoria40.26915.0 ± 1.00.08
11FAMaclura tinctoria 10.0 ± 1.71.25
11GOMaclura tinctoria 0.0
11GAMaclura tinctoria 0.0
12FOSapindaceaeAllophylus sericeus40.3330.0
12FAAllophylus sericeus 0.0
12GOAllophylus sericeus 0.0
12GAAllophylus sericeus 0.0
14FOMeliaceaeTrichilia pallida40.2870.0
14FATrichilia pallida 0.0
14GOTrichilia pallida 0.0
14GATrichilia pallida 0.0
16FONyctaginaceaeGuapira opposita40.2270.0
16FAGuapira opposita 0.0
16GOGuapira opposita 0.0
16GAGuapira opposita 0.0
18FOMalvaceaeCeiba speciosa40.3420.0
18FACeiba speciosa 0.0
18GOCeiba speciosa 6.6 ± 0.61,25
18GACeiba speciosa 0.0
22FOEuphorbiaceaeAlchornea glandulosa40.4850.0
22FAAlchornea glandulosa 7.3 ± 1.11.25
22GOAlchornea glandulosa 0.0
22GAAlchornea glandulosa 0.0
23FOAnnonaceaeAnnona sylvatica40.5080.0
23FAAnnona sylvatica 0.0
23GOAnnona sylvatica 0.0
23GAAnnona sylvatica 0.0
24FOMelastomataceaeMiconia petropolitana40.39719.0 ± 0.00.31
24FAMiconia petropolitana 0.0
24GOMiconia petropolitana 14.0 ± 1.730,31
24GAMiconia petropolitana 0.0
28FOMimosoideaePiptadenia gonoacantha40.2250.0
28FAPiptadenia gonoacantha 10.0 ± 0.00.62
28GOPiptadenia gonoacantha 8.0 ± 0.01.25
28GAPiptadenia gonoacantha 8.3 ± 1.11.25
29FAApocynaceaeTabernaemontana hystrix40.6118.6 ± 0.61.25
29GOTabernaemontana hystrix 12.6 ± 0.61.25
29GATabernaemontana hystrix 0.0
30FORubiaceaePsychotria vellosiana40.2820.0
30FAPsychotria vellosiana 0.0
30GOPsychotria vellosiana 0.0
30GA Psychotria vellosiana 0.0
32FOAnnonaceaeXylopia sericea40.4320.0
32FAXylopia sericea 11.3 ± 0.60.31
32GOXylopia sericea 10.0 ± 0.00.62
32GAXylopia sericea 10.3 ± 0.60.31
34FOSolanaceaeSolanum cernuum40.3230.0
34GOSolanum cernuum 0.0
34GASolanum cernuum 0.0
40FOPhytolaccaceaeSeguieria langsdorffii40.2020.0
40FASeguieria langsdorffii 0.0
40GOSeguieria langsdorffii 0.0
40GASeguieria langsdorffii 0.0
44FOMalvaceaeLuehea grandiflora40.3380.0
44FALuehea grandiflora 0.0
44GOLuehea grandiflora 11.3 ± 0.60.62
44GALuehea grandiflora 0.0
47FOCercideaeBauhinia forficate40.5490.0
47FABauhinia forficate 0.0
47GOBauhinia forficate 0.0
47GABauhinia forficate 0.0
51FOMyrtaceaeMyrciaria glazioviana40.5840.0
51FAMyrciaria glazioviana 11.3 ± 0.60.62
51GOMyrciaria glazioviana 12.6 ± 0.60.62
51GAMyrciaria glazioviana 10.5 ± 0.70.31
Ampicillin28 ± 1.730.004
  1. FO Organic extract of the leaves, FA Aqueous extract of the leaves, GO Organic extract of the branches, GA Aqueous extract of the branches, and MIC Minimum inhibitory concentration
  2. *Mean zones of bacterial growth inhibition of 6 mm were considered significantly different (p < 0.0001) from the control (DMSO)