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Table 4 Gastrointestinal charcoal transit ratio in the constipation rats induced by LP

From: Laxative effects of triple fermented barley extracts (FBe) on loperamide (LP)-induced constipation in rats

Groups Gastrointestinal motilities (during 30 min)
Total small intestine length (cm) Length of charcoal meal transferred (cm) Gastrointestinal charcoal transit ratio (%)
Control
 Intact 107.53 ± 7.38 77.45 ± 5.87 72.07 ± 3.52
 LP 106.60 ± 8.54 42.93 ± 10.89a 39.65 ± 10.50a
Reference
 SP 5 mg/kg 108.71 ± 9.61 57.10 ± 11.31ac 52.57 ± 9.58ac
FBe treated as
 300 mg/kg 107.99 ± 8.74 67.44 ± 10.91bc 63.19 ± 13.10c
 200 mg/kg 109.14 ± 9.88 60.98 ± 10.63ac 55.84 ± 8.18ac
 100 mg/kg 108.33 ± 6.11 55.90 ± 4.68ac 51.64 ± 3.91ad
  1. Values are expressed mean ± S.D. of eight rats
  2. FBe = Triple fermented barley extracts, test material
  3. SP = Sodium picosulfate
  4. LP = Loperamide
  5. Charcoal transit ratio (%) = [(Total small intestine length – Length of charcoal meal transferred)/Total small intestine length] × 100
  6. ap < 0.01 and b p < 0.05 as compared with intact control by LSD test
  7. cp < 0.01 and d p < 0.05 as compared with LP control by LSD test