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Table 2 Study participant demographic characteristics

From: Immunomodulatory effects of a mycelium extract of Cordyceps (Paecilomyces hepiali; CBG-CS-2): a randomized and double-blind clinical trial

  Cordyceps mycelium extract group (n = 40) Placebo group
(n = 40)
Total
(n = 80)
P-valuea
Age (years) 48.0 ± 6.3 47.3 ± 5.7 47.6 ± 5.9 0.563
Sex (M/F) 25/15 27/13 52/28 0.639
Height (cm) 167.6 ± 8.4 165.9 ± 7.3 166.7 ± 7.9 0.344
Weight (kg) 66.7 ± 9.9 68.7 ± 12.0 67.7 ± 11.0 0.405
BMI (kg/m2) 23.7 ± 2.7 24.8 ± 3.1 24.3 ± 3.0 0.084
NK-cell activity
(25:1) (%)
33.7 ± 17.4 37.9 ± 18.2 35.8 ± 17.7 0.296
IL-1ß (pg/mL) 3.1 ± 1.3 4.0 ± 7.7 3.5 ± 5.5 0.505
IL-2 (pg/mL) 3.0 ± 0.8 2.9 ± 0.6 3.0 ± 0.7 0.385
IL-4 (pg/mL) 10.4 ± 2.7 11.0 ± 6.8 10.7 ± 5.2 0.652
IL-10 (pg/mL) 5.1 ± 4.5 3.8 ± 3.0 4.4 ± 3.8 0.139
IL-12 (pg/mL) 5.8 ± 6.1 5.1 ± 3.3 5.4 ± 4.9 0.537
INF-γ (pg/mL) 10.5 ± 5.5 10.0 ± 5.1 10.2 ± 5.2 0.625
TNF-α (pg/mL) 6.5 ± 1.4 6.2 ± 1.5 6.3 ± 1.5 0.339
Drinker (person) 25 (62.5%) 19(47.5%) 44(55.0%) 0.178
Drinking quantity (units) 3.3 ± 2.9 4.7 ± 4.5 3.9 ± 3.7 0.235
Smoker (person) 4(10.0%) 4(10.0%) 8(10.0%) > 0.999
Smoking amount (cigarettes) 13.0 ± 4.8 17.5 ± 5.0 15.3 ± 5.1 0.240
  1. Values are presented as the mean ± SD or number (%)
  2. a Analyzed by an Independent t-test, Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test