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Table 4 Reported indications of herbal medicine according to each modality (multiple choice)

From: Herbal medicine use by pregnant women in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study

Herbal modality Reported indication N (%)
Ginger - Zingiber officinale (N = 102) Nausea/vomiting 78 (76.5)
Cold/flu 31 (30.4)
Cough 3 (2.9)
Black seed - Nigella sativa (N = 63) Nausea/vomiting 38 (60.3)
Galactagogue 25 (39.7)
Allergies 2 (3.2)
Lemon tea (N = 49) Cough 29 (59.2)
Nausea/vomiting 23 (46.9)
Prune - Prunus domestica (N = 29) Nausea/vomiting 23 (79.3)
Hypertension 4 (13.8)
Constipation 2 (6.9)
Mustard oil - Brassica nigra L. (N = 29) Cold/flu 18 (62.1)
Improve immunity 7 (24.1)
Constipation 4 (13.8)
Garlic - Allium sativum (N = 26) Hypertension 12 (46.2)
Cold/flu 12 (46.2)
Abdominal pain 3 (13)
Betel nuts - Areca catechu (N = 23) As relaxant 20 (87)
Nausea/vomiting 3 (13)
Heartburn 1 (4.3)
Peppermint - Mentha piperita (N = 15) Abdominal pain 8 (53.3)
Heartburn 4 (26.7)
Headache 2 (13.3)
Diabetes mellitus 1 (6.7)
Myrobalan - Terminalia chebula (N = 11) Heartburn 5 (45.4)
Constipation 5 (45.4)
Nausea 2 (18.2)
Turmeric - Curcuma longa (N = 11) Skin condition 8 (72.7)
Anti-inflammatory 3 (27.3)
Aloe vera (N = 4) Stomach upset 3 (75)
Constipation 1 (25)
Olive oil (N = 3) Massage 3 (100)
Neem - Azadirachta indica (N = 3) Skin disease 3 (100)
Bitter gourd - Momordica charantia (N = 2) Diabetes mellitus 2 (100)
Syrup Alkuli [Cichorium endivia, Tribulus terrestris, Foeniculum vulgare, Cucumis melo] (N = 2) Urinary tract infection 2 (100)