Skip to main content

Table 3 Pregnancy outcomes of participants

From: Herbal medicine use by pregnant women in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study

Variables Total = 243
N (%)
HM users =170
N (%)
Non-users =73
N (%)
p-Value
Perceived health status
 Good 172 (70.8) 124 (72.9) 48 (65.8) 0.259
 Fair or worse 71 (29.2) 46 (27.1) 25 (34.2)
Type of last delivery
 Normal (inc. forceps) 155 (63.8) 108 (63.5) 47 (64.4) 0.899
88 (36.2) 62 (36.5) 26 (35.6)
Pregnancy term
 Full term 187 (77) 133 (78.2) 54 (74) 0.469
 Pre term 56 (23) 37 (21.8) 19 (26)
Complications during and after childbirth
 Yes 96 (39.5) 70 (41.2) 26 (35.6) 0.416
 No 147 (60.5) 100 (58.8) 47 (64.4)
Birth weight
 Less than 2.5 kg 7 (2.9) 2 (2.3) 5 (6.8) .067
 2.5 to 3 kg 154 (63.4) 109 (64.1) 45 (61.6)
 More than 3 kg 82 (33.7) 59 (34.7) 23 (31.5)
Neonatal symptoms
 Yes 128 (52.7) 95 (55.9) 33 (45.2) .126
 No 115 (47.3) 75 (44.1) 40 (54.8)
  1. HM: Herbal Medicine
  2. No significant difference between users and non-users of HM were found in terms of morbidities during pregnancy, complications around childbirth, except for convulsions during pregnancy (add % and p value) and neonatal symptoms (add % and p value)