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Table 2 Medical characteristics of participants

From: Herbal medicine use by pregnant women in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study

Variables Total = 243
N (%)
HM users =170
N (%)
Non-users =73
N (%)
p-Value
Prior use of Herbal Medicine
 Yes 135 (55.6) 102 (60) 33 (45.2) 0.033
X2 = 4.527
 No 108 (44.4) 68 (40) 40 (54.8)
Antenatal visits
 None 45 (18.5) 32 (18.8) 13 (17.8) 0.490
 1 to 3 times 137 (56.4) 99 (58.2) 38 (52.1)
 4 or more times 61 (25.1) 39 (23) 22 (30.1)
Exposed to passive smoking
 Yes 163 (67.1) 114 (67.1) 49 (67.1) 0.992
 No 80 (32.9) 56 (32.9) 24 (32.9)
Gravidity
 Primigravida 84 (34.6) 57 (33.5) 27 (37) 0.603
 Multigravida 159 (65.4) 113 (66.5) 46 (63)
Age at first pregnancy
 19 years or under 100 (41.1) 66 (38.8) 34 (46.6) 0.531
 20 to 24 years 110 (45.3) 80 (47.1) 30 (41.1)
 25 years or above 33 (13.6) 24 (14.1) 9 (12.3)
Morbidities during pregnancy
 Yes 99 (40.7) 75 (44.1) 24 (32.9) 0.102
 No 144 (59.3) 95 (55.9) 49 (67.1)
  1. HM: Herbal Medicine