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Table 5 Ten most commonly prescribed formulas for patients with tuberculosis

From: Utilization of Chinese medicine for respiratory discomforts by patients with a medical history of tuberculosis in Taiwan

Pin-yin name Constitutions Indications in TCM Number of person- days
Pin-yin name Chinese Materia Medica name Botanical name
Xiao-Qing-Long-Tang Ma-Huang Herba Ephedrae Ephedra sinica Stapf. Coughing and wheezing with copious, white, stringy sputum that is difficult to expectorate, stifling sensation in the chest, chronic water metabolism problems and thin mucus associated with weakness of lung 16,050
Gui-Zhi Ramulus Cinnamomi Cinnamomum cassia Blume
Gan-Jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis Zingiber officinale Rosc
Xi-Xin Herba Asari Asarum heterotropoides F. Schmidt
Wu-Wei-Zi Fructus Schisandrae Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.
Bai-Shao Radix Paeoniae Alba Paeonia lactiflora Pall.
Ban-Xia Rhizoma Pinelliae Pinellia ternate (Thunb.) Makino
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Xin-Yi-Qing-Fei-Tang Xin-Yi Magnoliae Flos Magnolia biondii Pamp. Lung-heat cough with yellow phlegm, and accumulation of lung heat with nasal congestion 15,035
Huang-Qin Radix Scutellariae Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi
Mai-Men-Dong Radix Ophiopogonis Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.
Zhi-Zi Fructus Gardeniae Gardenia jasminoides J.Ellis
Shi- Gao Gypsum fibrosum Hydrous Calcium Sulfate
Zhi-Mu Rhizoma Anemarrhenae Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge
Sheng-Ma Radix Cimicifugae Cimicifuga foetida L. var., intermedia, Regel
Bai-He Bulbus Lilii Lilium brownii F. E. Br.ex Meillez
Pi-Pa-Ye Folium Eriobotryae Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb) Lindl
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch  
Ma-Xing-Gan-Shi-Tang Ma-Huang Herba Ephedrae Ephedra sinica Stapf. Fever with thirst, wheezing, coughing, labored breathing caused by heat lodged in the lungs where it obstructs the flow of qi 14,185
Xing-Ren Semen Armeniacae Prunus armeniaca L.var. ansu Maxim
Shi- Gao Gypsum fibrosum Hydrous Calcium Sulfate
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Ding-Chuan-Tang Ma-Huang Herba Ephedrae Ephedra sinica Stapf. Coughing and wheezing with thick, yellow sputum that is difficult to expectorate. Fever and labored breathing caused by the disrupted flow of lung qi that transforms into heat 10,664
Xing-Ren Semen Armeniacae Prunus armeniaca L.var. ansu Maxim
Ban-Xia Rhizoma Pinelliae Pinellia ternate (Thunb.) Makino
Huang-Qin Radix Scutellariae Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi
Sang-Bai-Pi Cortex Mori Morus alba L.
Bai-Guo Semen Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba L.
Su-Zi Fructus Perillae Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton.
Kuan-Dong-Hua Flos Farfarae Tussilago farfara L.
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Yin-Qiao-San Jin-Yin-Hua Flos Lonicerae Lonicera japonica Thunb. Fever, headache, thirst, cough with chills caused by warm pathogens or wind-heat entering the body and attacking the lungs 10,106
Lian-Qiao Fructus Forsythiae Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl
Jie-Geng Radix Platycodonis Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A.DC.
Niu-Bang Zi Fructus Arctii Arctium lappa L
Bo-He Herba Menthae haplocalycis Mentha haplocalyx Briq
Dan-Dou- Chi Semen Sojae preparatum Glycine max (L.) Merr.
Jing-Jie Herba Schizonepetae Schizonepeta tenuifolia (Benth.)
Dan-Zhu-Ye Herba Lophatheri Lophatherum gracile Brongn
Lu-Gen Rhizoma Phragmitis recens Phragmites communis Trin
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Bai-He-Gu Jin-Tang Shu-Di-Huang Radix Rehmanniae Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch Coughing with blood-streaked sputum, wheezing, dry and sore throat, hot palms and soles, night sweats due to yin deficiency of lung and kidney with heat from yin deficiency 9735
Sheng-Di-Huang Radix Rehmanniae Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch
Mai-Men-Dong Radix Ophiopogonis Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.
Bai-He Bulbus Lilii Lilium brownii F. E. Br.ex Meillez
Bai-Shao Radix Paeoniae Alba Paeonia lactiflora Pall
Dang-Gui Radix Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
Bei-Mu Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.
Jie-Geng Radix Platycodonis Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A.DC.
Xuan-Shen Radix Scrophulariae Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl.
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Xing-Su-Yin Zi-Su Folium Perillae Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. Wheezy cough, nasal congestion, low fever, headache due to a wind-cold pathogen attacking the lung 9343
Xing-Ren Semen Armeniacae Prunus armeniaca L.var. ansu Maxim
Jie-Geng Radix Platycodonis Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A.DC.
Sang-Bai-Pi Cortex Mori Morus alba L.
Huang-Qin Radix Scutellariae Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi
Mai-Men-Dong Radix Ophiopogonis Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.
Bei-Mu Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.
Qian-Hu Radix Peucedani Peucedanum decursivum Maxim
Sheng-Jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis Zingiber officinale Rosc
Ju-Hong Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium Rubrum Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.
Zhi-Ke Fructus Citri Aurantii Citrus aurantium L.
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Zhi-Sou-San Jie-Geng Radix Platycodonis Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A.DC. Coughing with slight chills and fever, an itchy throat, phlegm that is difficult to expectorate that occurs in externally contracted wind cold 9275
Jing-Jie Herba Schizonepetae Schizonepeta tenuifolia (Benth.)
Zi-Wan Asteris Radix Aster tataricus L. f.
Bai-Bu Radix stemonae Stemona sessilifolia (Miq.) Miq.
Bai-Qian Rhizoma Cynanchi Stauntonii Cynanchum stauntonii (Decne.) Schltr.ex H.Lev.
Chen-Pi Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Citrus reticulate Blanco
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Cang-Er-San Cang-Er-Zi Xanthii Fructus Xanthium Sibiricum Patr. ex Widder. Nasal obstruction with purulent nasal discharge caused by an external wind pathogen obstructing the protective qi, which is governed by lung, dizziness, frontal headache 9248
Xin-Yi Magnoliae Flos Magnolia biondii Pamp.
Bo-He Herba Menthae haplocalycis Mentha haplocalyx Briq
Bai-Zhi Radix Angelicae Dahuricae; Angelica dahurica (Hoffm.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch. & Sav.
Qing-Zao-Jiu-Fei-Tang Sang-Ye Folium Mori Morus alba L. Wheezing, cough, dry, parched throat, dry nasal passages, headache, fever, irritability, thirst due to invasion of external warm-dryness attacking the lungs and causing damage to the lung qi and yin 8795
Shi-Gao Gypsum fibrosum Hydrous Calcium Sulfate
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Xing-Ren Semen Armeniacae Prunus armeniaca L.var. ansu Maxim
Mai-Men-Dong Radix Ophiopogonis Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.
Pi-Pa-Ye Folium Eriobotryae Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb) Lindl
E-Jiao Colla Corii Asini Equus asinus L.
Ren-Shen Radix Ginseng Panax ginseng C. A. Mey
Hu-Ma-Ren Semen Sesami Nigrum Sesamum indicum L.