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Table 5 Pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity of extracts

From: Free radical scavenging, α-glucosidase inhibitory and lipase inhibitory activities of eighteen Sudanese medicinal plants

Scientific name IC50 (μg/ml)a value for pancereatic lipase inhibition
70% Ethanol extract Water extract
A. precatorius 17.55 ± 1.36 27.46 ± 1.58
A. nilotica 1.65 ± 0.02 0.31 ± 0.01
B. linariifolia 16.78 ± 0.31 18.12 ± 0.27
B. papyrifera 4.33 ± 0.07 46.19 ± 1.21
C. ipecacuanha 8.23 ± 0.12 22.1 ± 0.77
C. colocynthis 63.56 ± 1.6 20.66 ± 1.04
C. sinensis 29.82 ± 0.22 4.51 ± 0.08
C. proximus 16.69 ± 0.52 18.43 ± 0.28
C. rotundus. 8.16 ± 0.17 5.38 ± 0.42
G. alata 19.99 ± 0.77 23.76 ± 0.26
M. annua 4.22 ± 0.08 9.28 ± 1.81*
P. glaucum 119.91 ± 2.78 19.58 ± 0.17
R. graveolens 9.37 ± 0.42 48.03 ± 1.38
S. argel 2.12 ± 0.08 33.96 ± 0.29
T. bakis 17.75 ± 0.27 60.38 ± 0.88
T. foenum-graceum 244.15 ± 1.80 51.86 ± 2.67
V. madagascariensis 35.10 ± 5.56 98.66 ± 3.60
Z. spina-christi 1.86 ± 0.07 0.72 ± 0.01
Cetilistatb 4.66 ± 0.05
  1. aEach value represents the mean ± SD (n = 3)
  2. bCetilistat was used as a positive control of lipase inhibitory activity