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Table 3 Subgroup analysis for the effect of acupuncture on reducing escape latency time

From: Effects of acupuncture on vascular dementia (VD) animal models: a systematic review and meta-analysis

   SMD LL HL Degrees of freedom Heterogeneity Effect size
I2 Z P
Species SR −3.33 −5.18 −1.47 5 92.10% 3.52 P < 0.00001
WR −2.85 −3.79 −1.91 5 73.50% 5.93 P = 0.002
Modeling 2-VO −2.97 −4.21 − 1.73 6 85.80% 4.69 P < 0.00001
4-VO −3.36 −8.63 1.92 1 94.30% 1.25 P = 0.212
EO −2.38 −3.82 −0.95 1 65.80% 3.26 P = 0.001
MCAO −5.19 −6.58 −3.79 0 7.29 P < 0.00001
Methods EA −3.05 −4.56 −1.53 6 90.50% 3.94 P < 0.00001
MA −3.11 −4.23 −2.00 4 75.90% 5.47 P = 0.002
OVERALL −3.06 −4.04 −2.09 11 87.10% 6.04 P < 0.00001
  1. SR Sprague–Dawley Rats, WR Wister Rats, 2-VO bilateral common carotid artery occlusion, VO 4-vessel occlusion, EO embolic occlusion, MCAO middle cerebral artery occlusion, EA Electroacupuncture, MA Manual acupuncture