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Table 3 Changes in the body composition and muscles strength

From: Effects of acupuncture on nutritional state of patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): re-analysis of COPD acupuncture trial, a randomized controlled trial

  Baseline After 12 weeks Change from baseline to post treatment measurements MD 95% CI Effect size (d)
Measurements of body composition
MAC (cm)
 PAG (n 32) 24.3 [3.6] 24.0 [3.6] − 0.3[1.1] 1.77 1.15, 2.39 1.42
 RAG (n 30) 24.7 [3.4] 26.1 [3.9] 1.4 [1.3]
TSF (mm)
 PAG (n 32) 11.3 [5.5] 9.9 [5.2] −1.4 [2.5] 5.56 4.10, 7.03 1.92
 RAG (n 30) 12.0 [4.9] 16.2 [6.2] 4.2 [3.3]
AMC (cm)
 PAG (n 32) 20.9 [2.8] 21.0 [2.8] 0.1 [1.0] 0.10 −0.44, 0.64 0.10
 RAG (n 30) 21.1 [2.6] 21.3 [2.9] 0.2 [1.1]
SSF (mm)
 PAG (n 32) 13.4 [5.1] 12.8 [5.2] −0.6 [2.8] 3.55 2.04, 5.05 1.22
 RAG (n 30) 15.9 [5.9] 18.9 [6.3] 3.0 [3.1]
QC (AP 10 cm) (cm)
 PAG (n 32) 38.3 [4.6] 38.1 [4.6] −0.2 [0.7] 1.86 1.13, 2.59 1.34
 RAG (n 30) 37.9 [4.2] 39.6 [4.6] 1.7 [1.9]
Muscles strength
Grip strength (Right) (kg)
 PAG (n 32) 28.9 [6.1] 28.6 [5.5] −0.3 [2.3] 1.55 0.42, 2.67 0.73
 RAG (n 30) 27.5 [6.2] 28.8 [5.9] 1.3 [2.1]
Grip strength (Left) (kg)
 PAG (n 32) 28.4 [5.4] 27.4 [4.9] −1.0 [2.5] 1.94 0.73, 3.14 0.85
 RAG (n 30) 26.5 [6.4] 27.5 [6.6] 1.0 [2.2]
Respiratory muscle strength
MEP (H2Ocm)
 PAG (n 32) 63.5 [21.5] 61.8 [22.9] −1.7 [12.2] 36.09 26.41, 45.77 1.90
 RAG (n 30) 59.5 [21.6] 93.9 [32.2] 34.4 [24.3]
MIP (H2Ocm)
 PAG (n 32) 56.4 [20.6] 55.4 [19.5] −1.0 [11.9] 14.83 8.49, 21.16 1.19
 RAG (n 30) 60.8 [20.6] 74.6 [15.8] 13.8 [13.0]
  1. MD mean difference, MAC midupper arm circumference, TSF triceps skinfolds, AMC arm muscle circumference, SSF scapula skinfolds, QC Quadriceps circumference, MEP maximum expiratory mouth pressure, MIP maximum inspiratory mouth pressure