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Table 2 Changes in the nutritional outcome and prognosis

From: Effects of acupuncture on nutritional state of patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): re-analysis of COPD acupuncture trial, a randomized controlled trial

  Baseline After 12 weeks Change from baseline to post treatment measurements MD 95% CI Effect size (d)
Main measurement of nutritional outcome
Body Weight (kg)
 PAG (n 32) 56.8 [13.8] 56.3 [13.0] −0.5 [1.4] 3.00 2.00, 4.00 2.87
 RAG (n 30) 55.5 [10.4] 58.0 [10.8] 2.5 [0.4]
%IBW: ideal body weight (%)
 PAG (n 32) 96.7 [17.7] 95.9 [16.5] −0.8 [2.4] 5.20 3.52, 7.00 1.51
 RAG (n 30) 98.6 [17.7] 103.0 [18.3] 4.4 [4.3]
Prognosis outcome measurement
BODE index
 PAG (n 32) 3.3 [2.4] 3.3 [2.4] −0.03[1.0] −1.17 −1.55, − 0.55 1.06
 RAG (n 30) 3.9 [2.4] 2.7 [1.7] −1.2 [1.2]
BMI
 PAG (n 32) 0.5 [0.5] 0.4 [0.5] −0.1 [1.3] −0.11  
 RAG (n 30) 0.4 [0.5] 0.2 [0.4] −0.2 [0.5]
%FEV1
 PAG (n 32) 1.5 [1.1] 1.7 [1.1] 0.2 [0.4] −0.29  
 RAG (n 30) 1.8 [1.0] 1.6 [1.0] −0.1 [0.6]
mMRC
 PAG (n 32) 0.9 [1.1] 0.8 [1.1] −0.1[0.5] −0.51  
 RAG (n 30) 1.2 [1.0] 0.6 [0.8] −0.6 [0.7]
6MWD
 PAG (n 32) 0.4 [0.7] 0.4 [0.7] 0.0 [0.3] −0.30  
 RAG (n 30) 0.5 [0.9] 0.3 [0.5] −0.3 [0.7]
  1. MD mean difference, %IBW ideal body weight (%), BODE index BMI (B); degree of air flow obstruction (O); functional dyspnea (D); and exercise capacity (E), assessed by the 6MWD. BMI body mass index, %FEV1 % forced expiratory volume in 1 s, mMRC Modified Medical Research Council, 6MWD 6 minute walk distance