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Table 1 Traditional uses of ten Sri Lankan medicinal plants

From: In vitro pro-inflammatory enzyme inhibition and anti-oxidant potential of selected Sri Lankan medicinal plants

Plant name/(FAMILY) Local name/English name Part used in the study/Voucher specimen No. Traditional uses
Sphaeranthus indicus L. (Asteraceae) Mudumahana/East India Globe Thistle Leaf/SEL/15/11 Swelling in the neck, acute laryngitis and bronchitis, piles [42].
Acronychiapedunculata L. (Rutaceae) Ankenda/Claw flowered laurel. Leaf/APL/15/15 Skin diseases, rheumatism, ulcers asthma [43].
Calophyllum innophyllum Linn.(Clusiaceae) Domba/Alexandrian laurel Bark/CIB/15/21 Skin diseases, piles, sore eyes, migraine [44].
Symplocos cochinchinesis (Lour.) S. Moore. (Symplocaceae) Sewalabombu/Lodh tree Bark/SCB/15/27 Leprosy, tumors, menorrhagia, inflammation and uterine problems [45].
Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) (Menispermaceae) Rasakinda/heartleaf moonseed Bark/TCB/15/32 Skin diseases, Jaundice, Diabetes, rheumatic pain, syphilis [46].
Flacourtia indica (Burm.f. Merr.) (Flacourica) Uguressa/Governor’s Plum Bark/FIB/15/34 Rheumatoid arthritis, gout, intermittent fever [40, 47].
Leucus zeylanica L. (Lamiaceae) Gata thumba/Ceylon slitwort Leaf/LZL/15/41 Jaundice, scorpion, snake bite [48].
Barathranthus nodiflorus Thw. (Loranthaceae) Pilila Leaf/BNL/15/44 Bone fractures [49].
Diospyros ebenum J.Koenig ex Retz (Ebenaceae) Kaluwara/Ceylon ebony Leaf/DEL/15/47 Snake bite, diarrhoea, ulcers, biliousness [32].
Argyreia populifolia Choisy (Convolvulaceae) Elephant creeper Leaf/APL/15/48 Swellings [50].