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Table 4 Reasons for use, experience with DS, opinions and attitudes towards dietary supplements

From: Dietary supplement use among undergraduate male students in health and non-health cluster colleges of a public-sector university in Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Reasons for use Sample (N) Percentage (%)
General Health and Well Being 22, 31a 4.7, 6.6a
Boost immunity 2, 27a 0.4, 5.8a
Weight gain 2, 18a 0.4, 3.8a
Doctor’s recommendation 7, 17a 1.5, 3.6a
Enhance memory 3, 16a 3.4, 0.6a
Increase performance/sports 5, 24a 1.1, 5.1a
Increase endurance/body building 12, 47a 2.6, 10a
Malnutrition 9. 35a 1.9, 7.5a
Energy source 7, 29a 1.5, 6.2a
More than one reason 82 17.5
Not applicable 318 67.8
Experience with DS use in last month
Pharmaceutical category used
 Generic 12 2.6
 Brand 77 16.4
 Both 11 2.3
 I do not know 51 10.9
 Not applicable 318 67.8
Adverse reactions to dietary supplements
 I suffered from an adverse reaction 1 0.2
 I suffered from an adverse reaction but sure if it was related to DS use 8 1.7
 No, I did not suffer from any adverse effect 142 30.2
 Not applicable to me as I did not use any supplements 318 67.8
Opinion and attitudes
Opinion about dietary supplements
 Necessary for all ages 49 10.4
 They are harmless 185 39.4
 Regular use of dietary supplement prevents chronic disease 194 41.4
 Dietary supplements may prevent cancer 26 5.5
 No opinion 15 3.2
Dietary supplements are good for health
 Agree 224 47.8
 I don’t know 173 36.9
 Disagree 72 15.4
Do you personally recommend use of dietary supplements to others
 Yes, I always recommend 66 14.1
 Yes, only when doctors recommend 305 65
 Not at all 98 20.9
  1. Legend (a) = selected in combination with others
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