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Table 1 Details of the 26 included studies

From: Paediatric massage for treatment of acute diarrhoea in children: a meta-analysis

Study Sample size Age Course of disease Intervention group General classification of the massage therapy Control group
Cheng (2014) 72 (36/36) 1.9 ± 0.5 y 3.6 ± 1.1 d massage 3 d BMT + PSAP (1) montmorillonite (2) combined bacillus subtilis and enterococcus faecium 3 d
Du (2009) 100 (52/48) 19 ± 5 m 1.2 ± 0.5 d massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Gao (2005) 60 (30/30) 18 ± 6 m
17 ± 6.5 m
1.3 ± 0.5 d
1.2 ± 0.6 d
massage 3 d BMT + PSAP (1) montmorillonite (2) combined bacillus subtilis and enterococcus faecium 3 d
Leng (2011) 26 (20/6) 3 m to 5 y ≤1w massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Li K (2013) 61 (30/31) <  3 y <  2 w massage 3 d BMT + PSAP (1) Cangling antidiarrhea oral solution (2) montmorillonite (3) bifidobacterium 3 d
Li X (2015) 176 (87/89) 2 m to 3 y
1.5 m to 2 y and 11 m
<  2 w massage 5 d IMT montmorillonite 5 d
Ma (2016) 80 (40/40) 3 m to 4 y <  1 w massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Ni (2018) 70 (35/35) 1.67 ± 1.41 y
1.64 ± 1.39 y
3.16 ± 0.82 d
3.19 ± 0.87 d
massage 7 d BMT + PSAP norfloxacin 7d
Peng (2011) 240 (180/60) 3 m to 5 y 2.81 ± 1.61 d
2.78 ± 1.39 d
massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Shao (2006) 120 (68/52) 18 ± 6 m
17 ± 6 m
1.3 ± 0.5 d
1.2 ± 0.6 d
massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Tang (2014) 135 (67/68) 1.84 ± 0.33 y
1.87 ± 0.37 y
6.84 ± 2.21 d
6.58 ± 2.13 d
massage BMT + PSAP montmorillonite
Tao (2015) 60 (30/30) 2.03 ± 1.21 y
2.30 ± 1.16 y
2.81 ± 1.31 d
2.70 ± 1.20 d
massage 3 d BMT + PSAP (1) montmorillonite (2) clostridium butyricum 3 d
Wang (2004) 88 (48/40) 6 m to 3 y all were acute diarrhea massage 3 d BMT + PSAP (1) intravenous drip ribavirin (2) montmorillonite (3) lactobacillus 3 d
Wang (2014) 86 (43/43) 1.75 ± 0.37 y
1.25 ± 0.14 y
3.47 ± 0.34 d
3.41 ± 0.24 d
massage 3 d BMT + PSAP (1) norfloxacin (2) ciprofloxacin 5 d
Yang (2016) 80 (40/40) 1.60 ± 0.72 y
1.81 ± 0.68 y
<  1 w massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Yang (2013) 69 (36/33) 6 m to 3 y
6 m to 3.5 y
1–5 d
1–6 d
massage 6 d BMT + PSAP (1) montmorillonite (2) combined bacillus subtilis and enterococcus faecium (3) bifidobacterium 6 d
Yin (2000) 50 (30/20) <  3 y <  3 d massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Yin (2009) 315 (190/125) 2 m to 5 y <  48 h massage 3 d IMT montmorillonite 3 d
You (2013) 55 (32/23) 11.55 ± 4.68 m
10.58 ± 5.05 m
3.25 ± 1.06 d
3.39 ± 1.15 d
massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Zhang (2016) 180 (90/90) 2.41 ± 1.6 y
2.5 ± 1.2 y
2.8 ± 1.4 d
2.9 ± 1.2 d
massage 6 d BMT + PSAP (1) montmorillonite (2) bifidobacterium 6 d
Zhang (2011) 64 (32/32) <  3 y 1 to 3 d massage 3 d BMT + PSAP (1) probiotics (2) mucosal protection 3 d
Zhao (2016) 80 (40/40) 3.1 ± 0.6 y
3.3 ± 0.7 y
14.2 ± 2.1 h
13.2 ± 1.7 h
massage 3 d BMT + PSAP (1) enterococcus faecium (2) bifidobacterium (3) montmorillonite 3 d
Zhu (2004) 90 (60/30) <  3 y ≤3 d massage 3 d BMT + PSAP montmorillonite 3 d
Li G (2013) 120 (60/60) 1.5 ± 0.3 y <  3 d massage + acupuncture 3 d IMT + Acupuncture montmorillonite 3 d
Wang (2003) 99 (52/47) 1.7 ± 1.1 y
1.8 ± 1.2 y
<  3 d massage + acupuncture 3 d BMT + IMT + Acupuncture montmorillonite 3 d
Wei (2016) 68 (34/34) 12.6 ± 5.7 m
11.9 ± 5.3 m
3.1 ± 0.3 d
3.2 ± 0.4 d
massage + acupuncture 7 d BMT + IMT + Acupuncture combined bacillus subtilis and enterococcus faecium 7 d
  1. y: years; m: months; w weeks; d days; h hours; BMT Basic massage treatment; PSAP Pressing some acupuncture points; IMT Individual massage treatment