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Table 2 Description and trials numbers of different CAM therapies

From: Complementary and alternative medicine for treatment of atopic eczema in children under 14 years old: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Therapy Administration Dosage Frequency Detail Formula Trials numbers %(/22)
Probiotics oral depend on formula 2–3/d Oral probiotics preparation The probiotic formulation was a mixture of Lactobacillus acidophilus DDS-1 and Bifidobacterium lactis UABLA-12 with fructo-oligosaccharide in a rice maltodextrin powder. 18 72%
Diet oral None 3 m To avoid to severe and moderate intolerant food, and take mild intolerant food per 6 days None 2 8%
Biofilm external application appropriate amount 2–3/d The main ingredient is chitosan with low polymer (OPC). External application help form a protective film on the skin. Velvetfeeling 3 12%
Borage oil undershirts coated withoil 498 mg of GLA
per 100 g of cotton)
2 w Borage oil was chemically bonded to the cotton fibers of the undershirts that made of pure organic cotton. The borage oil was gradually released from the cotton fibers and absorbed into the skin. The undershirts were designed such that the sutures did not touch and stimulate the skin directly. Borage oil 1 4%
Swimming Passively by nurse;
Autonomous swimming
None 1/d Trained nurse helps baby to stretch the limb as passively swimming or baby swim autonomously. None 1 4%
  1. m month, d day, w week