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Fig. 2 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 2

From: 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid of royal jelly exhibits bactericide and anti-inflammatory activity in human colon cancer cells

Fig. 2

Effect of 10-HDA on human TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-8 production in WiDr cells. Supernatants of WiDr cultures, treated with or without 10-HDA (0.1, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 mM), were collected after 24 h and tested by ELISA for detecting TNF-α (a), IL-1β (b) and IL-8 (c). CTL represents the control group (without 10-HDA). Each point is a mean ± SD of the triplicates from one representative experiment. * = p ≤ 0.05; ** = p ≤ 0.01 compared to control

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