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Fig. 5 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 5

From: Dendrobium nobile Lindley and its bibenzyl component moscatilin are able to protect retinal cells from ischemia/hypoxia by dowregulating placental growth factor and upregulating Norrie disease protein

Fig. 5

Fluorogold labeling. The micrographs shows the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) density after the sham procedure (a, Sham), or after ischemia followed by reperfusion (I/R) plus pre-ischemia administration of vehicle (b, Vehicle+I/R) or pre−/post-ischemia administration of DNL at 1.0 g/kg/day (c, DNL1.0 + I/R; d, I/R + DNL1.0). The RGC density was quantitatively analyzed (e). As indicated by each bar, the results were means±S.EM. (n = 4). ** indicates a significant difference from the sham retina (P < 0.01; Sham vs. Vehicle+I/R); †† or † indicates a significant difference from the Vehicle+I/R (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05; Vehicle+I/R vs. DNL1.0 + I/R or I/R + DNL1.0). DNL, Dendrobium nobile Lindley. Scale bars = 50 μm

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