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Fig. 4 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 4

From: Dendrobium nobile Lindley and its bibenzyl component moscatilin are able to protect retinal cells from ischemia/hypoxia by dowregulating placental growth factor and upregulating Norrie disease protein

Fig. 4

Analysis of the thickness of the whole or inner retina labeled with cresyl violet. a, b, e Shows a retina that received the sham procedure (Sham), or I/R and pre-administration (b)/post-administration of vehicle (e). c, d, f Are retinas that have undergone I/R and pre-administration of 0.5 g/kg/day (c, DNL0.5 + I/R), or 1.0 g/kg/day (d, DNL1.0 + I/R), or post-administration of 1.0 g/kg/day (f, I/R + DNL1.0) of DNL. The thickness of the whole or inner retina obtained from sections of equal eccentricity that were morphometrically analyzed (g, h). The results are presented as means±S.E.M. (n = 10~ 12). ** represents a significant difference (P < 0.01) from the Sham retina. † or †† represents a significant difference (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) from the Vehicle+I/R or I/R + Vehicle. Abbreviations: I/R, ischemia plus reperfusion; DNL, Dendrobium nobile Lindley; ONL, outer nuclear layer; OPL, outer plexiform layer; INL, inner nuclear layer; IPL, inner plexiform layer; GCL, ganglion cell layer. Scale bar = 50 μm

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